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Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems

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Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems. / Traore, Bouba; Van Wijk, Mark T.; Descheemaeker, Katrien; Corbeels, Marc; Rufino, Mariana C.; Giller, Ken E.

In: Field Crops Research, Vol. 156, 01.02.2014, p. 63-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Traore, B, Van Wijk, MT, Descheemaeker, K, Corbeels, M, Rufino, MC & Giller, KE 2014, 'Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems', Field Crops Research, vol. 156, pp. 63-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2013.10.014

APA

Traore, B., Van Wijk, M. T., Descheemaeker, K., Corbeels, M., Rufino, M. C., & Giller, K. E. (2014). Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems. Field Crops Research, 156, 63-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2013.10.014

Vancouver

Traore B, Van Wijk MT, Descheemaeker K, Corbeels M, Rufino MC, Giller KE. Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems. Field Crops Research. 2014 Feb 1;156:63-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2013.10.014

Author

Traore, Bouba ; Van Wijk, Mark T. ; Descheemaeker, Katrien ; Corbeels, Marc ; Rufino, Mariana C. ; Giller, Ken E. / Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems. In: Field Crops Research. 2014 ; Vol. 156. pp. 63-75.

Bibtex

@article{748787eaaebf43bea60740c8ada556e4,
title = "Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems",
abstract = "In the Sudano-Sahelian region, smallholder agricultural production is dominated by rain-fed production of millet, sorghum and maize for food consumption and of cotton for the market. A major constraint for crop production is the amount of rainfall and its intra and inter-annual variability. We evaluated the effects of planting date on the yield of different varieties of four major crops (maize, millet, sorghum and cotton) over three contrasting growing seasons in 2009-2011 (with 842. mm, 1248. mm and 685. mm of rainfall respectively) with the aim of identifying climate adaptation options in the Sudano-Sahelian region. Three planting dates (early, medium, and late) and three varieties of long, medium, and short duration of each crop were compared. For fertilized cereal crops, maize out yielded millet and sorghum by respectively 57% and 45% across the three seasons. Analysis of 40 years of weather data indicates that this finding holds for the longer time periods than the length of this trial. Late planting resulted in significant yield decreases for maize, sorghum and cotton, but not for millet. However, a short duration variety of millet was better adapted for late planting. When the rainy season starts late, sorghum planting can be delayed from the beginning of June to early July without substantial reductions in grain yield. Cotton yield at early planting was 28% larger than yield at medium planting and late planting gave the lowest yield with all three varieties. For all four crops the largest stover yields were obtained with early planting and the longer planting was delayed, the less stover was produced. There was an interaction between planting date and variety for millet and sorghum, while for maize and cotton the best planting date was more affected by the weather conditions. The findings of this study can support simple adaptation decisions: priority should be given to planting cotton early; maize is the best option if fertilizer is available; planting of maize and sorghum can be delayed by up to a month without strong yield penalties; and millet should be planted last. {\textcopyright} 2013 Elsevier B.V.",
keywords = "Cotton, Maize, Pearl millet, Planting date, Sorghum, West Africa",
author = "Bouba Traore and {Van Wijk}, {Mark T.} and Katrien Descheemaeker and Marc Corbeels and Rufino, {Mariana C.} and Giller, {Ken E.}",
year = "2014",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.fcr.2013.10.014",
language = "English",
volume = "156",
pages = "63--75",
journal = "Field Crops Research",
issn = "0378-4290",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of climate adaptation options for Sudano-Sahelian cropping systems

AU - Traore, Bouba

AU - Van Wijk, Mark T.

AU - Descheemaeker, Katrien

AU - Corbeels, Marc

AU - Rufino, Mariana C.

AU - Giller, Ken E.

PY - 2014/2/1

Y1 - 2014/2/1

N2 - In the Sudano-Sahelian region, smallholder agricultural production is dominated by rain-fed production of millet, sorghum and maize for food consumption and of cotton for the market. A major constraint for crop production is the amount of rainfall and its intra and inter-annual variability. We evaluated the effects of planting date on the yield of different varieties of four major crops (maize, millet, sorghum and cotton) over three contrasting growing seasons in 2009-2011 (with 842. mm, 1248. mm and 685. mm of rainfall respectively) with the aim of identifying climate adaptation options in the Sudano-Sahelian region. Three planting dates (early, medium, and late) and three varieties of long, medium, and short duration of each crop were compared. For fertilized cereal crops, maize out yielded millet and sorghum by respectively 57% and 45% across the three seasons. Analysis of 40 years of weather data indicates that this finding holds for the longer time periods than the length of this trial. Late planting resulted in significant yield decreases for maize, sorghum and cotton, but not for millet. However, a short duration variety of millet was better adapted for late planting. When the rainy season starts late, sorghum planting can be delayed from the beginning of June to early July without substantial reductions in grain yield. Cotton yield at early planting was 28% larger than yield at medium planting and late planting gave the lowest yield with all three varieties. For all four crops the largest stover yields were obtained with early planting and the longer planting was delayed, the less stover was produced. There was an interaction between planting date and variety for millet and sorghum, while for maize and cotton the best planting date was more affected by the weather conditions. The findings of this study can support simple adaptation decisions: priority should be given to planting cotton early; maize is the best option if fertilizer is available; planting of maize and sorghum can be delayed by up to a month without strong yield penalties; and millet should be planted last. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

AB - In the Sudano-Sahelian region, smallholder agricultural production is dominated by rain-fed production of millet, sorghum and maize for food consumption and of cotton for the market. A major constraint for crop production is the amount of rainfall and its intra and inter-annual variability. We evaluated the effects of planting date on the yield of different varieties of four major crops (maize, millet, sorghum and cotton) over three contrasting growing seasons in 2009-2011 (with 842. mm, 1248. mm and 685. mm of rainfall respectively) with the aim of identifying climate adaptation options in the Sudano-Sahelian region. Three planting dates (early, medium, and late) and three varieties of long, medium, and short duration of each crop were compared. For fertilized cereal crops, maize out yielded millet and sorghum by respectively 57% and 45% across the three seasons. Analysis of 40 years of weather data indicates that this finding holds for the longer time periods than the length of this trial. Late planting resulted in significant yield decreases for maize, sorghum and cotton, but not for millet. However, a short duration variety of millet was better adapted for late planting. When the rainy season starts late, sorghum planting can be delayed from the beginning of June to early July without substantial reductions in grain yield. Cotton yield at early planting was 28% larger than yield at medium planting and late planting gave the lowest yield with all three varieties. For all four crops the largest stover yields were obtained with early planting and the longer planting was delayed, the less stover was produced. There was an interaction between planting date and variety for millet and sorghum, while for maize and cotton the best planting date was more affected by the weather conditions. The findings of this study can support simple adaptation decisions: priority should be given to planting cotton early; maize is the best option if fertilizer is available; planting of maize and sorghum can be delayed by up to a month without strong yield penalties; and millet should be planted last. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

KW - Cotton

KW - Maize

KW - Pearl millet

KW - Planting date

KW - Sorghum

KW - West Africa

U2 - 10.1016/j.fcr.2013.10.014

DO - 10.1016/j.fcr.2013.10.014

M3 - Journal article

VL - 156

SP - 63

EP - 75

JO - Field Crops Research

JF - Field Crops Research

SN - 0378-4290

ER -