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Explanation Strategies as an Empirical-Analytical Lens for Socio-Technical Contextualization of Machine Learning Interpretability

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Jesse Benjamin
  • Christoph Kinkeldey
  • Claudia Müller-Birn
  • Tim Korjakow
  • Eva-Maria Herbst
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>14/01/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction
Number of pages25
Pages (from-to)39:1-39:25
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


During a research project in which we developed a machine learning (ML) driven visualization system for non-ML experts, we reflected on interpretability research in ML, computer-supported collaborative work and human-computer interaction. We found that while there are manifold technical approaches, these often focus on ML experts and are evaluated in decontextualized empirical studies. We hypothesized that participatory design research may support the understanding of stakeholders' situated sense-making in our project, yet, found guidance regarding ML interpretability inexhaustive. Building on philosophy of technology, we formulated explanation strategies as an empirical-analytical lens explicating how technical explanations mediate the contextual preferences concerning people's interpretations. In this paper, we contribute a report of our proof-of-concept use of explanation strategies to analyze a co-design workshop with non-ML experts, methodological implications for participatory design research, design implications for explanations for non-ML experts and suggest further investigation of technological mediation theories in the ML interpretability space.