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Exploring the experience of recurrence with advanced cancer for people who perceived themselves to be cancer free: a grounded theory study

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Exploring the experience of recurrence with advanced cancer for people who perceived themselves to be cancer free : a grounded theory study. / Economou, Denice; Walshe, Catherine; Brearley, Sarah.

In: Supportive Care in Cancer, Vol. 29, No. 7, 31.07.2021, p. 3885-3894.

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@article{034084aea8d24f9f8ee436511b1752c8,
title = "Exploring the experience of recurrence with advanced cancer for people who perceived themselves to be cancer free: a grounded theory study",
abstract = "PurposeAdvances in cancer treatment have led to longer cancer-free periods and overall survival. This study aimed to understand patients{\textquoteright} experiences of transitioning out of a state of believing to be cancer free into incurable recurrence with advanced disease.MethodsUsing constructivist grounded theory with in-depth interviews patients (n = 15) with solid tumors from a major US cancer center participated. Theoretical sampling enabled concepts to be developed until theme saturation. Constant comparative analysis used initial and focused coding to develop themes and concepts to describe this specific period from extended time cancer free and transition to advanced incurable disease.ResultsThree interrelated concepts were identified: reluctant acceptance, seeking survival through continuous treatment, and hope in the face of an uncertain future. A conceptual model of the experience was developed encompassing anger and sadness, at initial recurrence, to reluctant acceptance, and, finally, a cycle of seeking continuous treatment to prolong life leading to a sense of hope in the face of an uncertain future.ConclusionThe cycle between treatment and hope creates a state of personal equilibrium, which provides insights into the importance of treatment for this population. This study provides direction for future research to understand the expectations of people experiencing advanced cancer recurrence.Implications for cancer survivorsMany cancer survivors live with advanced cancer. Assessing their needs as they transition from survivor with no disease to survivor with advanced disease requires a new conceptualization of the experience which recognizes expectations and priorities for care of this patient group.",
keywords = "Advanced cancer, Advanced recurrence, Continuous treatment, Hope, Uncertainty, Survival, Reluctant acceptance",
author = "Denice Economou and Catherine Walshe and Sarah Brearley",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-020-05956-2",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1007/s00520-020-05956-2",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "3885--3894",
journal = "Supportive Care in Cancer",
issn = "0941-4355",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploring the experience of recurrence with advanced cancer for people who perceived themselves to be cancer free

T2 - a grounded theory study

AU - Economou, Denice

AU - Walshe, Catherine

AU - Brearley, Sarah

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-020-05956-2

PY - 2021/7/31

Y1 - 2021/7/31

N2 - PurposeAdvances in cancer treatment have led to longer cancer-free periods and overall survival. This study aimed to understand patients’ experiences of transitioning out of a state of believing to be cancer free into incurable recurrence with advanced disease.MethodsUsing constructivist grounded theory with in-depth interviews patients (n = 15) with solid tumors from a major US cancer center participated. Theoretical sampling enabled concepts to be developed until theme saturation. Constant comparative analysis used initial and focused coding to develop themes and concepts to describe this specific period from extended time cancer free and transition to advanced incurable disease.ResultsThree interrelated concepts were identified: reluctant acceptance, seeking survival through continuous treatment, and hope in the face of an uncertain future. A conceptual model of the experience was developed encompassing anger and sadness, at initial recurrence, to reluctant acceptance, and, finally, a cycle of seeking continuous treatment to prolong life leading to a sense of hope in the face of an uncertain future.ConclusionThe cycle between treatment and hope creates a state of personal equilibrium, which provides insights into the importance of treatment for this population. This study provides direction for future research to understand the expectations of people experiencing advanced cancer recurrence.Implications for cancer survivorsMany cancer survivors live with advanced cancer. Assessing their needs as they transition from survivor with no disease to survivor with advanced disease requires a new conceptualization of the experience which recognizes expectations and priorities for care of this patient group.

AB - PurposeAdvances in cancer treatment have led to longer cancer-free periods and overall survival. This study aimed to understand patients’ experiences of transitioning out of a state of believing to be cancer free into incurable recurrence with advanced disease.MethodsUsing constructivist grounded theory with in-depth interviews patients (n = 15) with solid tumors from a major US cancer center participated. Theoretical sampling enabled concepts to be developed until theme saturation. Constant comparative analysis used initial and focused coding to develop themes and concepts to describe this specific period from extended time cancer free and transition to advanced incurable disease.ResultsThree interrelated concepts were identified: reluctant acceptance, seeking survival through continuous treatment, and hope in the face of an uncertain future. A conceptual model of the experience was developed encompassing anger and sadness, at initial recurrence, to reluctant acceptance, and, finally, a cycle of seeking continuous treatment to prolong life leading to a sense of hope in the face of an uncertain future.ConclusionThe cycle between treatment and hope creates a state of personal equilibrium, which provides insights into the importance of treatment for this population. This study provides direction for future research to understand the expectations of people experiencing advanced cancer recurrence.Implications for cancer survivorsMany cancer survivors live with advanced cancer. Assessing their needs as they transition from survivor with no disease to survivor with advanced disease requires a new conceptualization of the experience which recognizes expectations and priorities for care of this patient group.

KW - Advanced cancer

KW - Advanced recurrence

KW - Continuous treatment

KW - Hope

KW - Uncertainty

KW - Survival

KW - Reluctant acceptance

U2 - 10.1007/s00520-020-05956-2

DO - 10.1007/s00520-020-05956-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - 3885

EP - 3894

JO - Supportive Care in Cancer

JF - Supportive Care in Cancer

SN - 0941-4355

IS - 7

ER -