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  • Bremner et al. IBAD accepted version

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Infant Behavior and Development. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Infant Behavior and Development, 65, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2021.101659

    Accepted author manuscript, 2.67 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 5/05/23

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Eye tracking provides no evidence that young infants understand path obstruction

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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Eye tracking provides no evidence that young infants understand path obstruction. / Bremner, J.G.; Slater, A.; Mason, U.; Spring, J.; Rees, A.; Tham, D.S.Y.; Johnson, S.P.

In: Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 65, 101659, 30.11.2021.

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Bremner, J.G. ; Slater, A. ; Mason, U. ; Spring, J. ; Rees, A. ; Tham, D.S.Y. ; Johnson, S.P. / Eye tracking provides no evidence that young infants understand path obstruction. In: Infant Behavior and Development. 2021 ; Vol. 65.

Bibtex

@article{fa693649e4ce425aa8cd646b688ce3f5,
title = "Eye tracking provides no evidence that young infants understand path obstruction",
abstract = "In two experiments with 47 4-month-olds, we investigated attention to key aspects of events in which an object moved along a partly occluded path that contained an obstruction. Infants were familiarized with a ball rolling behind an occluder to be revealed resting on an end wall, and on test trials an obstruction wall was placed in the ball's path. In Experiment 1, we did not find longer looking when the object appeared in an impossible location beyond the obstruction, and infants did not selectively fixate the object in this location. In Experiment 2, after rolling one or two balls, we measured infants' fixations of a two-object outcome with one ball in a novel but possible resting position and the other in a familiar but impossible location beyond the obstruction. Infants looked longer at the ball in the possible but novel location, likely reflecting a looking preference for location novelty. Thus we obtained no evidence that infants reasoned about obstruction and identified a violation on that basis. ",
keywords = "Eye-tracking, Infant knowledge, Novelty preference, Object persistence, Object solidity, Path obstruction",
author = "J.G. Bremner and A. Slater and U. Mason and J. Spring and A. Rees and D.S.Y. Tham and S.P. Johnson",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Infant Behavior and Development. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Infant Behavior and Development, 65, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2021.101659",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.infbeh.2021.101659",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development",
issn = "0163-6383",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eye tracking provides no evidence that young infants understand path obstruction

AU - Bremner, J.G.

AU - Slater, A.

AU - Mason, U.

AU - Spring, J.

AU - Rees, A.

AU - Tham, D.S.Y.

AU - Johnson, S.P.

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Infant Behavior and Development. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Infant Behavior and Development, 65, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2021.101659

PY - 2021/11/30

Y1 - 2021/11/30

N2 - In two experiments with 47 4-month-olds, we investigated attention to key aspects of events in which an object moved along a partly occluded path that contained an obstruction. Infants were familiarized with a ball rolling behind an occluder to be revealed resting on an end wall, and on test trials an obstruction wall was placed in the ball's path. In Experiment 1, we did not find longer looking when the object appeared in an impossible location beyond the obstruction, and infants did not selectively fixate the object in this location. In Experiment 2, after rolling one or two balls, we measured infants' fixations of a two-object outcome with one ball in a novel but possible resting position and the other in a familiar but impossible location beyond the obstruction. Infants looked longer at the ball in the possible but novel location, likely reflecting a looking preference for location novelty. Thus we obtained no evidence that infants reasoned about obstruction and identified a violation on that basis.

AB - In two experiments with 47 4-month-olds, we investigated attention to key aspects of events in which an object moved along a partly occluded path that contained an obstruction. Infants were familiarized with a ball rolling behind an occluder to be revealed resting on an end wall, and on test trials an obstruction wall was placed in the ball's path. In Experiment 1, we did not find longer looking when the object appeared in an impossible location beyond the obstruction, and infants did not selectively fixate the object in this location. In Experiment 2, after rolling one or two balls, we measured infants' fixations of a two-object outcome with one ball in a novel but possible resting position and the other in a familiar but impossible location beyond the obstruction. Infants looked longer at the ball in the possible but novel location, likely reflecting a looking preference for location novelty. Thus we obtained no evidence that infants reasoned about obstruction and identified a violation on that basis.

KW - Eye-tracking

KW - Infant knowledge

KW - Novelty preference

KW - Object persistence

KW - Object solidity

KW - Path obstruction

U2 - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2021.101659

DO - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2021.101659

M3 - Journal article

VL - 65

JO - Infant Behavior and Development

JF - Infant Behavior and Development

SN - 0163-6383

M1 - 101659

ER -