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Fabrication, in vitro and in vivo studies of bilayer composite membrane for periodontal guided tissue regeneration

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Saba Zahid
  • Abdul Samad Khan
  • Aqif Anwar Chaudhry
  • Sarah Ghafoor
  • Qurat Ul Ain
  • Ahtasham Raza
  • Muhammad Imran Rahim
  • Oliver Goerke
  • Ihtesham Ur Rehman
  • Asma Tufail
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/02/2019
Issue number7
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)967-978
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date3/12/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Development of a guided occlusive biodegradable membrane with controlled morphology in order to restrict the ingrowth of epithelial cells is still a challenge in dental tissue engineering. A bilayer membrane with a non-porous upper layer (polyurethane) and porous lower layer (polycaprolactone and bioactive glass composite) with thermoelastic properties to sustain surgery treatment was developed by lyophilization. Morphology, porosity, and layers attachment were controlled by using the multi-solvent system. In vitro and in vivo biocompatibility, cell attachment, and cell proliferation were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and histology. The cell proliferation rate and cell attachment results showed good biocompatibility of both surfaces, though cell metabolic activity was better on the polycaprolactone-bioactive glass surface. Furthermore, the cells were viable, adhered, and proliferated well on the lower porous bioactive surface, while non-porous polyurethane surface demonstrated low cell attachment, which was deliberately designed and a pre-requisite for guided tissue regeneration/guided bone regeneration membranes. In addition, in vivo studies performed in a rat model for six weeks revealed good compatibility of membranes. Histological analysis (staining with hematoxylin and eosin) indicated no signs of inflammation or accumulation of host immune cells. These results suggested that the fabricated biocompatible bilayer membrane has the potential for use in periodontal tissue regeneration.