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Face Recognition in the Scrambled Domain via Salience-Aware Ensembles of Many Kernels

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • Richard Jiang
  • Somaya Al-Maadeed
  • Ahmed Bouridane
  • Danny Crookes
  • M. Emre Celebi
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/08/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
Issue number8
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)1807-1817
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date21/04/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English


With the rapid development of Internet-of-Things (IoT), face scrambling has been proposed for privacy protection during IoT-targeted image/video distribution. Consequently, in these IoT applications, biometric verification needs to be carried out in the scrambled domain, presenting significant challenges in face recognition. Since face models become chaotic signals after scrambling/encryption, a typical solution is to utilize the traditional data-driven face recognition algorithms. While chaotic pattern recognition is still a challenging task, in this paper, we propose a new ensemble approach-many-kernel random discriminant analysis (MK-RDA)-to discover discriminative patterns from the chaotic signals. We also incorporate a salience-aware strategy into the proposed ensemble method to handle the chaotic facial patterns in the scrambled domain, where the random selections of features are made on semantic components via salience modeling. In our experiments, the proposed MK-RDA was tested rigorously on three human face data sets: the ORL face data set, the PIE face data set, and the PUBFIG wild face data set. The experimental results successfully demonstrate that the proposed scheme can effectively handle the chaotic signals and significantly improve the recognition accuracy, making our method a promising candidate for secure biometric verification in the emerging IoT applications.