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Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes

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Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes. / Henning, J.; Giorgi, Emanuele; Soares Magalhães, R. J.; Tizzani, P.; Viviani, P.; Pejovic, N.; Hrapovic, M.; Potzsch, C.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, 14376, 30.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Henning, J, Giorgi, E, Soares Magalhães, RJ, Tizzani, P, Viviani, P, Pejovic, N, Hrapovic, M & Potzsch, C 2017, 'Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, 14376. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14615-2

APA

Henning, J., Giorgi, E., Soares Magalhães, R. J., Tizzani, P., Viviani, P., Pejovic, N., Hrapovic, M., & Potzsch, C. (2017). Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes. Scientific Reports, 7, [14376]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14615-2

Vancouver

Henning J, Giorgi E, Soares Magalhães RJ, Tizzani P, Viviani P, Pejovic N et al. Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes. Scientific Reports. 2017 Oct 30;7. 14376. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14615-2

Author

Henning, J. ; Giorgi, Emanuele ; Soares Magalhães, R. J. ; Tizzani, P. ; Viviani, P. ; Pejovic, N. ; Hrapovic, M. ; Potzsch, C. / Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes. In: Scientific Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 7.

Bibtex

@article{a4924aa8c8c24531bb909b7b5681d635,
title = "Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes",
abstract = "Sylvatic rabies has been eradicated from most of Central Europe, but cases still occur in the Balkans. Oral rabies vaccination of foxes is an effective method for controlling the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success of aerial vaccination campaigns conducted in Montenegro by identifying ecological, environmental and climatic factors that influenced the prevalence of antibodies to the rabies vaccine. To monitor the bait uptake and the serological responses to vaccination, foxes were shot by hunters. Of 175 shot foxes, 142 foxes (81.1%) had consumed baits. Of these only a total of 81 (57.0%) tested positive for rabies vaccine antibodies, possibly, due to the delayed uptake of bait in which the rabies vaccine was already inactivated. We found that low vaccination responses were associated with high fox density and bait delivery in open areas. In high fox density habitat, bait uptake might be delayed as other food and prey options for foxes are abundant. Similarly, delayed bait uptake probably occurred in open areas as such areas are less frequently used by foxes. The findings of this study suggest that efficacy of oral rabies vaccination by aerial delivery is associated with landscape features.",
keywords = "Ecological epidemiology, Ecological modelling",
author = "J. Henning and Emanuele Giorgi and {Soares Magalh{\~a}es}, {R. J.} and P. Tizzani and P. Viviani and N. Pejovic and M. Hrapovic and C. Potzsch",
year = "2017",
month = oct,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-017-14615-2",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors influencing the success of aerial rabies vaccination of foxes

AU - Henning, J.

AU - Giorgi, Emanuele

AU - Soares Magalhães, R. J.

AU - Tizzani, P.

AU - Viviani, P.

AU - Pejovic, N.

AU - Hrapovic, M.

AU - Potzsch, C.

PY - 2017/10/30

Y1 - 2017/10/30

N2 - Sylvatic rabies has been eradicated from most of Central Europe, but cases still occur in the Balkans. Oral rabies vaccination of foxes is an effective method for controlling the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success of aerial vaccination campaigns conducted in Montenegro by identifying ecological, environmental and climatic factors that influenced the prevalence of antibodies to the rabies vaccine. To monitor the bait uptake and the serological responses to vaccination, foxes were shot by hunters. Of 175 shot foxes, 142 foxes (81.1%) had consumed baits. Of these only a total of 81 (57.0%) tested positive for rabies vaccine antibodies, possibly, due to the delayed uptake of bait in which the rabies vaccine was already inactivated. We found that low vaccination responses were associated with high fox density and bait delivery in open areas. In high fox density habitat, bait uptake might be delayed as other food and prey options for foxes are abundant. Similarly, delayed bait uptake probably occurred in open areas as such areas are less frequently used by foxes. The findings of this study suggest that efficacy of oral rabies vaccination by aerial delivery is associated with landscape features.

AB - Sylvatic rabies has been eradicated from most of Central Europe, but cases still occur in the Balkans. Oral rabies vaccination of foxes is an effective method for controlling the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success of aerial vaccination campaigns conducted in Montenegro by identifying ecological, environmental and climatic factors that influenced the prevalence of antibodies to the rabies vaccine. To monitor the bait uptake and the serological responses to vaccination, foxes were shot by hunters. Of 175 shot foxes, 142 foxes (81.1%) had consumed baits. Of these only a total of 81 (57.0%) tested positive for rabies vaccine antibodies, possibly, due to the delayed uptake of bait in which the rabies vaccine was already inactivated. We found that low vaccination responses were associated with high fox density and bait delivery in open areas. In high fox density habitat, bait uptake might be delayed as other food and prey options for foxes are abundant. Similarly, delayed bait uptake probably occurred in open areas as such areas are less frequently used by foxes. The findings of this study suggest that efficacy of oral rabies vaccination by aerial delivery is associated with landscape features.

KW - Ecological epidemiology

KW - Ecological modelling

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-017-14615-2

DO - 10.1038/s41598-017-14615-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 14376

ER -