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    Rights statement: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Family Business Review, ? (?), 2021, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2021 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Family Business Review page: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/fbr on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

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Family firms and environmental performance: A meta-analytic review

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>20/01/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Family Business Review
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date20/01/22
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This article critically reviews and meta-analyzes the environmental performance of family firms. Using a sample of 40,910 firms covering a 12-year period, we conclude that the average effect of family involvement on environmental performance is negative, albeit small. This negative effect is more pronounced in primary studies that measure environmental performance via the environmental operational practices adopted and in those that define family business using the family ownership and management criteria. Our findings suggest that from an agency perspective, and compared with nonfamily firms, the negative view of the environmental performance of family firms prevails over the positive view.

Bibliographic note

The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Family Business Review, ? (?), 2021, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2021 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Family Business Review page: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/fbr on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/