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Fire risk perpetuates poverty and fire use among Amazonian smallholders

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Fire risk perpetuates poverty and fire use among Amazonian smallholders. / Cammelli, F.; Garrett, R.D.; Barlow, J.; Parry, L.

In: Global Environmental Change, Vol. 63, 102096, 01.07.2020.

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Cammelli, F. ; Garrett, R.D. ; Barlow, J. ; Parry, L. / Fire risk perpetuates poverty and fire use among Amazonian smallholders. In: Global Environmental Change. 2020 ; Vol. 63.

Bibtex

@article{db238412565b4bae9f995a58f7e65852,
title = "Fire risk perpetuates poverty and fire use among Amazonian smallholders",
abstract = "Forest fires exacerbate carbon emissions, threaten biodiversity and cause welfare losses to local populations. Most fires accidentally ignite from mismanaged swidden and pasture fires. We provide evidence that fire risk in the Brazilian Amazon, the world's largest remaining tropical forest, perpetuates low yield and environmentally degrading agricultural activities. Using a combination of household interviews and remotely sensed data on fire occurrence in Eastern Amazon municipalities of Paragominas and Santar{\'e}m, we show that smallholders in consolidated farm-forest frontier regions are locked into a vicious cycle that inhibits their adoption of fire-free practices. Households that invest in more capital-intensive fire-free agricultural technologies experience greater revenue losses from escaped fires than non-fire users. Changes in revenues are as sensitive to these fire impacts as they are to changes in physical capital investments. To overcome this fire-poverty trap, a “big push” of coordinated local incentives is needed. Policies mitigating fire risk may achieve a triple-win that reduces greenhouse gas emissions, forest degradation, and fosters inclusive economic development. {\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors",
keywords = "Brazilian Amazon, climate change mitigation, fires, land use policy, sustainable development, tropical forests, agricultural land, biodiversity, capital provision, carbon emission, disaster management, fire history, greenhouse gas, investment incentive, pasture, smallholder, tropical forest, Amazonas [Brazil], Brazil, Para [Brazil], Paragominas",
author = "F. Cammelli and R.D. Garrett and J. Barlow and L. Parry",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102096",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
journal = "Global Environmental Change",
issn = "0959-3780",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCI LTD",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fire risk perpetuates poverty and fire use among Amazonian smallholders

AU - Cammelli, F.

AU - Garrett, R.D.

AU - Barlow, J.

AU - Parry, L.

PY - 2020/7/1

Y1 - 2020/7/1

N2 - Forest fires exacerbate carbon emissions, threaten biodiversity and cause welfare losses to local populations. Most fires accidentally ignite from mismanaged swidden and pasture fires. We provide evidence that fire risk in the Brazilian Amazon, the world's largest remaining tropical forest, perpetuates low yield and environmentally degrading agricultural activities. Using a combination of household interviews and remotely sensed data on fire occurrence in Eastern Amazon municipalities of Paragominas and Santarém, we show that smallholders in consolidated farm-forest frontier regions are locked into a vicious cycle that inhibits their adoption of fire-free practices. Households that invest in more capital-intensive fire-free agricultural technologies experience greater revenue losses from escaped fires than non-fire users. Changes in revenues are as sensitive to these fire impacts as they are to changes in physical capital investments. To overcome this fire-poverty trap, a “big push” of coordinated local incentives is needed. Policies mitigating fire risk may achieve a triple-win that reduces greenhouse gas emissions, forest degradation, and fosters inclusive economic development. © 2020 The Authors

AB - Forest fires exacerbate carbon emissions, threaten biodiversity and cause welfare losses to local populations. Most fires accidentally ignite from mismanaged swidden and pasture fires. We provide evidence that fire risk in the Brazilian Amazon, the world's largest remaining tropical forest, perpetuates low yield and environmentally degrading agricultural activities. Using a combination of household interviews and remotely sensed data on fire occurrence in Eastern Amazon municipalities of Paragominas and Santarém, we show that smallholders in consolidated farm-forest frontier regions are locked into a vicious cycle that inhibits their adoption of fire-free practices. Households that invest in more capital-intensive fire-free agricultural technologies experience greater revenue losses from escaped fires than non-fire users. Changes in revenues are as sensitive to these fire impacts as they are to changes in physical capital investments. To overcome this fire-poverty trap, a “big push” of coordinated local incentives is needed. Policies mitigating fire risk may achieve a triple-win that reduces greenhouse gas emissions, forest degradation, and fosters inclusive economic development. © 2020 The Authors

KW - Brazilian Amazon

KW - climate change mitigation

KW - fires

KW - land use policy

KW - sustainable development

KW - tropical forests

KW - agricultural land

KW - biodiversity

KW - capital provision

KW - carbon emission

KW - disaster management

KW - fire history

KW - greenhouse gas

KW - investment incentive

KW - pasture

KW - smallholder

KW - tropical forest

KW - Amazonas [Brazil]

KW - Brazil

KW - Para [Brazil]

KW - Paragominas

U2 - 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102096

DO - 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102096

M3 - Journal article

VL - 63

JO - Global Environmental Change

JF - Global Environmental Change

SN - 0959-3780

M1 - 102096

ER -