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Foraminifers in the Holkerian Stratotype, regional substage in Britain: key taxa for the Viséan subdivision

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/04/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Newsletters on stratigraphy
Issue number2
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)159-172
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date12/05/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Foraminiferal revision of the Holkerian Stratotype of Britain at Barker Scar, Holker Hall, south Cumbria, UK, allows the subdivision of the section into the Cf4δ, Cf5α and Cf5β subzones (the latter being further subdivided into lower Cf5β1 and upper Cf5β2 intervals). The base of Cf5α subzone at the base of bed C and base of Cf5β subzone from the middle part of bed C, occur at 14 m and 10.5 m, respectively, below the traditional basal boundary of the Holkerian at bed K. The lower boundaries of these foraminiferal subzones occur within the main interval affected by dolomitization in the section, which poses problems in defining precisely the bases for these subzones. Nevertheless, in spite of the dolomitization, a more or less continuous foraminiferal record allows a solid correlation of the base of the Cf5β with the preserved succession in the Livian Substage (defined in Belgium, but also used in France), and it is assumed that the base of this substage should correspond to the base of the Cf5α subzone. The base of the Cf5α subzone can be correlated with the base of the Russian Tulian Substage, since it contains many taxa in common with the Holkerian. However, further investigation is needed to establish other levels of correlation (e. g., base of the Cf5β subzone) higher up in the Holkerian substage. All of these problems suggest that the Holkerian, as it is currently recognised, and the Barker Scar stratotype section, in particular, should be reconsidered, and a new para-stratotype section, ideally devoid of dolomitization, should be located and investigated, in order to corroborate the occurrence of the Cf5α and Cf5β foraminiferal subzones compared to those recognised in the Barker Scar Stratotype. These modifications would allow identification of an apparent synchronous faunal event forming the basis of a future subdivision of the Viséan.