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Forest filter effect: role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs

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Forest filter effect : role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs. / Terzaghi, Elisa; Wild, Edward; Zacchello, Gabriele et al.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 74, 08.2013, p. 378-384.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Terzaghi, E, Wild, E, Zacchello, G, Cerabolini, BEL, Jones, KC & Di Guardo, A 2013, 'Forest filter effect: role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs', Atmospheric Environment, vol. 74, pp. 378-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.04.013

APA

Terzaghi, E., Wild, E., Zacchello, G., Cerabolini, B. E. L., Jones, K. C., & Di Guardo, A. (2013). Forest filter effect: role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs. Atmospheric Environment, 74, 378-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.04.013

Vancouver

Terzaghi E, Wild E, Zacchello G, Cerabolini BEL, Jones KC, Di Guardo A. Forest filter effect: role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs. Atmospheric Environment. 2013 Aug;74:378-384. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.04.013

Author

Terzaghi, Elisa ; Wild, Edward ; Zacchello, Gabriele et al. / Forest filter effect : role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs. In: Atmospheric Environment. 2013 ; Vol. 74. pp. 378-384.

Bibtex

@article{0e4d3835e7b541d1a386091f949105d0,
title = "Forest filter effect: role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs",
abstract = "Plants play a key role in removing particulate matter and their associated Semi-volatile Organic Compounds (SVOCs) from the atmosphere. Understanding the processes involved in particle capture by vegetation is essential to understand the interactions between SVOCs, particles and plants. In the present study Two Photon Excitation Microscopy (TPEM) was used to visualise particle matter uptake and encapsulation, together with its distribution on leaf/needle surface of different broadleaf (cornel and maple) and conifer species (stone pine). Phenanthrene accumulation, the number of particles associated with this compound and its migration from particles into the leaf cuticle was also identified and quantified. Species-specific deposition velocities were estimated to model temporal PM10 leaf/needle accumulation and to investigate the role of Planet Boundary Layer (PBL) height variation in influencing PM10 flux to plants. Particles at the leaf/needle surface were visualised to range in size from 0.2 to 70.4 μm, but cuticular encapsulation was negligible for particles larger than 10.6 μm, which were removed by a washing procedure. Phenanthrene concentration varied between ≈5 and ≈10 ng g−1 dw according to plant species and between ≈10 and ≈200 ng g−1 dw depending on needle age; this compound was visualized to migrate from particles into the adjacent leaf cuticle. Species-specific deposition velocity range between 0.57 and 1.28 m h−1 and preliminary simulations showed that the diel variability of PBL structure influenced the temporal PM10 flux and leaf/needle concentration, e.g. during daytime hours characterized by high PBL height, PM10 accumulated on cornel leaves was about 65% lower than the amount accumulated during night time. The capability of vegetation to capture particles from the atmosphere, retain, encapsulate them into the cuticle and release them to soil and/or lower biomass, highlighted the value of vegetation in removing pollutants from the atmosphere and influencing their environmental fate.",
keywords = "Forest Filter Effect, Particulate matter, SVOCs, TPEM, PBL height",
author = "Elisa Terzaghi and Edward Wild and Gabriele Zacchello and Cerabolini, {Bruno E.L.} and Jones, {Kevin C.} and {Di Guardo}, Antonio",
year = "2013",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.04.013",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "378--384",
journal = "Atmospheric Environment",
issn = "1352-2310",
publisher = "PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Forest filter effect

T2 - role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs

AU - Terzaghi, Elisa

AU - Wild, Edward

AU - Zacchello, Gabriele

AU - Cerabolini, Bruno E.L.

AU - Jones, Kevin C.

AU - Di Guardo, Antonio

PY - 2013/8

Y1 - 2013/8

N2 - Plants play a key role in removing particulate matter and their associated Semi-volatile Organic Compounds (SVOCs) from the atmosphere. Understanding the processes involved in particle capture by vegetation is essential to understand the interactions between SVOCs, particles and plants. In the present study Two Photon Excitation Microscopy (TPEM) was used to visualise particle matter uptake and encapsulation, together with its distribution on leaf/needle surface of different broadleaf (cornel and maple) and conifer species (stone pine). Phenanthrene accumulation, the number of particles associated with this compound and its migration from particles into the leaf cuticle was also identified and quantified. Species-specific deposition velocities were estimated to model temporal PM10 leaf/needle accumulation and to investigate the role of Planet Boundary Layer (PBL) height variation in influencing PM10 flux to plants. Particles at the leaf/needle surface were visualised to range in size from 0.2 to 70.4 μm, but cuticular encapsulation was negligible for particles larger than 10.6 μm, which were removed by a washing procedure. Phenanthrene concentration varied between ≈5 and ≈10 ng g−1 dw according to plant species and between ≈10 and ≈200 ng g−1 dw depending on needle age; this compound was visualized to migrate from particles into the adjacent leaf cuticle. Species-specific deposition velocity range between 0.57 and 1.28 m h−1 and preliminary simulations showed that the diel variability of PBL structure influenced the temporal PM10 flux and leaf/needle concentration, e.g. during daytime hours characterized by high PBL height, PM10 accumulated on cornel leaves was about 65% lower than the amount accumulated during night time. The capability of vegetation to capture particles from the atmosphere, retain, encapsulate them into the cuticle and release them to soil and/or lower biomass, highlighted the value of vegetation in removing pollutants from the atmosphere and influencing their environmental fate.

AB - Plants play a key role in removing particulate matter and their associated Semi-volatile Organic Compounds (SVOCs) from the atmosphere. Understanding the processes involved in particle capture by vegetation is essential to understand the interactions between SVOCs, particles and plants. In the present study Two Photon Excitation Microscopy (TPEM) was used to visualise particle matter uptake and encapsulation, together with its distribution on leaf/needle surface of different broadleaf (cornel and maple) and conifer species (stone pine). Phenanthrene accumulation, the number of particles associated with this compound and its migration from particles into the leaf cuticle was also identified and quantified. Species-specific deposition velocities were estimated to model temporal PM10 leaf/needle accumulation and to investigate the role of Planet Boundary Layer (PBL) height variation in influencing PM10 flux to plants. Particles at the leaf/needle surface were visualised to range in size from 0.2 to 70.4 μm, but cuticular encapsulation was negligible for particles larger than 10.6 μm, which were removed by a washing procedure. Phenanthrene concentration varied between ≈5 and ≈10 ng g−1 dw according to plant species and between ≈10 and ≈200 ng g−1 dw depending on needle age; this compound was visualized to migrate from particles into the adjacent leaf cuticle. Species-specific deposition velocity range between 0.57 and 1.28 m h−1 and preliminary simulations showed that the diel variability of PBL structure influenced the temporal PM10 flux and leaf/needle concentration, e.g. during daytime hours characterized by high PBL height, PM10 accumulated on cornel leaves was about 65% lower than the amount accumulated during night time. The capability of vegetation to capture particles from the atmosphere, retain, encapsulate them into the cuticle and release them to soil and/or lower biomass, highlighted the value of vegetation in removing pollutants from the atmosphere and influencing their environmental fate.

KW - Forest Filter Effect

KW - Particulate matter

KW - SVOCs

KW - TPEM

KW - PBL height

U2 - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.04.013

DO - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.04.013

M3 - Journal article

VL - 74

SP - 378

EP - 384

JO - Atmospheric Environment

JF - Atmospheric Environment

SN - 1352-2310

ER -