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Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices

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Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices. / Boylan, John; Chen, Hehai; Mohammadipour, M.; Syntetos, A.

In: Journal of the Operational Research Society, Vol. 65, No. 2, 01.02.2014, p. 227-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Boylan, J, Chen, H, Mohammadipour, M & Syntetos, A 2014, 'Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices', Journal of the Operational Research Society, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 227-241. https://doi.org/10.1057/jors.2012.126

APA

Boylan, J., Chen, H., Mohammadipour, M., & Syntetos, A. (2014). Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 65(2), 227-241. https://doi.org/10.1057/jors.2012.126

Vancouver

Boylan J, Chen H, Mohammadipour M, Syntetos A. Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices. Journal of the Operational Research Society. 2014 Feb 1;65(2):227-241. https://doi.org/10.1057/jors.2012.126

Author

Boylan, John ; Chen, Hehai ; Mohammadipour, M. ; Syntetos, A. / Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices. In: Journal of the Operational Research Society. 2014 ; Vol. 65, No. 2. pp. 227-241.

Bibtex

@article{d9f26802df0142929436382b7f68be5f,
title = "Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices",
abstract = "Estimating seasonal variations in demand is a challenging task faced by many organisations. There may be many stock-keeping units (SKUs) to forecast, but often data histories are short, with very few complete seasonal cycles. It has been suggested in the literature that group seasonal indices (GSI) methods should be used to take advantage of information on similar SKUs. This paper addresses two research questions: (1) how should groups be formed in order to use the GSI methods? and (2) when should the GSI methods and the individual seasonal indices (ISI) method be used? Theoretical results are presented, showing that seasonal grouping and forecasting may be unified, based on a Mean Square Error criterion, and K-means clustering. A heuristic K-means method is presented, which is competitive with the Average Linkage method. It offers a viable alternative to a company's own grouping method or may be used with confidence if a company lacks a grouping method. The paper gives empirical findings that confirm earlier theoretical results that greater accuracy may be obtained by employing a rule that assigns the GSI method to some SKUs and the ISI method to the remainder.",
keywords = " forecasting, seasonality, grouping, clustering",
author = "John Boylan and Hehai Chen and M. Mohammadipour and A. Syntetos",
note = "Accepted August 2012",
year = "2014",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1057/jors.2012.126",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "227--241",
journal = "Journal of the Operational Research Society",
issn = "0160-5682",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Formation of seasonal groups and application of seasonal indices

AU - Boylan, John

AU - Chen, Hehai

AU - Mohammadipour, M.

AU - Syntetos, A.

N1 - Accepted August 2012

PY - 2014/2/1

Y1 - 2014/2/1

N2 - Estimating seasonal variations in demand is a challenging task faced by many organisations. There may be many stock-keeping units (SKUs) to forecast, but often data histories are short, with very few complete seasonal cycles. It has been suggested in the literature that group seasonal indices (GSI) methods should be used to take advantage of information on similar SKUs. This paper addresses two research questions: (1) how should groups be formed in order to use the GSI methods? and (2) when should the GSI methods and the individual seasonal indices (ISI) method be used? Theoretical results are presented, showing that seasonal grouping and forecasting may be unified, based on a Mean Square Error criterion, and K-means clustering. A heuristic K-means method is presented, which is competitive with the Average Linkage method. It offers a viable alternative to a company's own grouping method or may be used with confidence if a company lacks a grouping method. The paper gives empirical findings that confirm earlier theoretical results that greater accuracy may be obtained by employing a rule that assigns the GSI method to some SKUs and the ISI method to the remainder.

AB - Estimating seasonal variations in demand is a challenging task faced by many organisations. There may be many stock-keeping units (SKUs) to forecast, but often data histories are short, with very few complete seasonal cycles. It has been suggested in the literature that group seasonal indices (GSI) methods should be used to take advantage of information on similar SKUs. This paper addresses two research questions: (1) how should groups be formed in order to use the GSI methods? and (2) when should the GSI methods and the individual seasonal indices (ISI) method be used? Theoretical results are presented, showing that seasonal grouping and forecasting may be unified, based on a Mean Square Error criterion, and K-means clustering. A heuristic K-means method is presented, which is competitive with the Average Linkage method. It offers a viable alternative to a company's own grouping method or may be used with confidence if a company lacks a grouping method. The paper gives empirical findings that confirm earlier theoretical results that greater accuracy may be obtained by employing a rule that assigns the GSI method to some SKUs and the ISI method to the remainder.

KW - forecasting

KW - seasonality

KW - grouping

KW - clustering

U2 - 10.1057/jors.2012.126

DO - 10.1057/jors.2012.126

M3 - Journal article

VL - 65

SP - 227

EP - 241

JO - Journal of the Operational Research Society

JF - Journal of the Operational Research Society

SN - 0160-5682

IS - 2

ER -