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Fungal infection of the diabetic foot: two distinct syndromes.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • A. H. Heald
  • D.J. O' Halloran
  • K. Richards
  • F. Webb
  • S. Jenkins
  • Sally Hollis
  • D. W. Denning
  • R. J. Young
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>07/2001
<mark>Journal</mark>Diabetic Medicine
Issue number7
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)567-572
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Aims Fungal infection of diabetic foot ulcers has not been described. We analysed the features of 17 patients with diabetic foot ulcers probably infected with fungi. Methods Seventeen patients were identified with clinically infected foot ulcers, (i) which had failed to heal despite prolonged antibiotic therapy and intensive podiatric care, (ii) from which Candida spp. was isolated or hyphae ± yeasts were visualized in material from ulcers or surrounding skin. Results Multiple ulcers arising simultaneously were present in 10 patients (59%), preceded by blistering in seven cases. Single ulcers with markedly ulcerated margins were present in seven (41%) patients and were preceded by blisters in two. All 17 cases had neuropathy and 15 (88%) had severe peripheral vascular disease. All ulcers responded to antifungal therapy. Conclusions Candida spp. is associated with two distinctive patterns of protracted ulceration in diabetic feet which improve following systemic antifungal therapy.