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  • Jannat_et_al_2022

    Rights statement: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-022-07362-9

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Genetic characterization of flowering and phytochrome genes in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) for early maturity

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  • Sammyia Jannat
  • Mahmood Ul Hassan
  • Gabriela Toledo Ortiz
  • Muhammad Kausar Nawaz Shah
  • Mukhtar Ahmed
  • Asad Hussain Shah
  • Abdul Qayyum
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/06/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Molecular Biology Reports
Volume49
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)5495–5504
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date30/03/22
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production and cropping pattern is highly influenced by the climatic factors including temperature and rain pattern fluctuations. It is one of the most important cash crop in the rain fed areas of Pakistan and its production, under changing climatic conditions, that can be improved by developing short duration varieties. The present study was based on the molecular characterization of the maturity associated gene families in the peanut under two light conditions. Genomic analysis based on the in silico study of important gene families for early maturity associated attributes like flowering time, their pattern, duration and photoperiodism was done for a comprehensive mapping of maturity related genes. Phytochromes genes Phy A, Phy B and Phy E and flowering genes FT2a, Ft5a and COL2 were selected for in silico characterization for protein based analysis including Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA), and Neighbor Joining (NJ) tree. MSA and NJ trees of the peanut with Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine max showed a clear picture of the phylogenetic relationship on the basis of selected gene proteins. Expression profile of phytochrome and flowering genes revealed that photoperiod conditions i.e. short and long days, have great influence on the Phy A, Phy B and Phy E, Ft2a, FT5a and COL2 gene expression pattern. In current study, the relative expression of all studied genes was found higher in short day light condition at flower initiation stage of the plants than in the long light day condition with exception of COL2 gene protein. The molecular characterization based on the in silico study of the particular genes and qPCR based gene expression profiling of the selected genes provided an evidence of the role of these genes and their comparative analysis under two photoperiodic conditions.

Bibliographic note

The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-022-07362-9