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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sampson, A, Ings, N, Shelley, F, et al. Geographically widespread 13C‐depletion of grazing caddis larvae: A third way of fuelling stream food webs?. Freshw Biol. 2019; 64: 787– 798. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13262 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/FWB.13262 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae: a third way of fuelling stream food webs?

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Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae : a third way of fuelling stream food webs? / Sampson, A.; Ings, N.; Shelley, F.; Tuffin, S.; Grey, J.; Trimmer, M.; Woodward, G.; Hildrew, A.G.

In: Freshwater Biology, Vol. 64, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. 787-798.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Sampson, A, Ings, N, Shelley, F, Tuffin, S, Grey, J, Trimmer, M, Woodward, G & Hildrew, AG 2019, 'Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae: a third way of fuelling stream food webs?', Freshwater Biology, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 787-798. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13262

APA

Sampson, A., Ings, N., Shelley, F., Tuffin, S., Grey, J., Trimmer, M., Woodward, G., & Hildrew, A. G. (2019). Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae: a third way of fuelling stream food webs? Freshwater Biology, 64(4), 787-798. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13262

Vancouver

Sampson A, Ings N, Shelley F, Tuffin S, Grey J, Trimmer M et al. Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae: a third way of fuelling stream food webs? Freshwater Biology. 2019 Apr 1;64(4):787-798. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13262

Author

Sampson, A. ; Ings, N. ; Shelley, F. ; Tuffin, S. ; Grey, J. ; Trimmer, M. ; Woodward, G. ; Hildrew, A.G. / Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae : a third way of fuelling stream food webs?. In: Freshwater Biology. 2019 ; Vol. 64, No. 4. pp. 787-798.

Bibtex

@article{054ee8e3d4eb4fb3a045c3676e36679f,
title = "Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae: a third way of fuelling stream food webs?",
abstract = "Stream ecosystems are supported by both green (i.e. based on grazing) and brown (i.e. detritus) food webs, whereas methane-derived carbon is not considered generally to be important; here, we add circumstantial evidence for this potential third way. Grazing cased-caddis (Trichoptera) larvae in the family Glossosomatidae can be very abundant in springs and headwaters and frequently have much lower stable carbon isotope ratios (i.e. they are depleted in the heavier C-13 stable isotope) than the biofilm (epilithon) on the upper surfaces of the stones on which they live, and which is their presumed diet. Evidence for similar isotopic depletion in other lotic invertebrates is currently limited, however; even for glossosomatids it has been observed so far only in some streams draining the southern English cretaceous chalk and in a few headwaters in northern California. If this phenomenon proves to be more widespread, among streams or taxa, it could imply a more general underpinning of stream food webs by isotopically light carbon derived from methane and accessed via consumers feeding on methanotrophic bacteria. Here, we sampled 58 stream sites to examine whether caddis larvae are also C-13-depleted in streams draining other geologies. We focused mainly on carboniferous limestone and sandstone, as well as on further chalk streams representative of most of the British chalk aquifer: together, these new sites covered an area of almost 90,000 km(2), around three times greater than that surveyed previously. At all 58 sites methane gas was supersaturated relative to the atmospheric equilibrium, and at 49 of them larvae were conspicuously C-13-depleted (from -17.5 parts per thousand to -3.6 parts per thousand) relative to the bulk epilithon (components of which we know can oxidise methane). Although still most pronounced on chalk, this phenomenon was geographically and geologically much more widespread than shown previously and suggests methane-derived carbon could indeed play a prominent role in stream food webs (i.e. the third way).",
keywords = "armoured grazers, carbon, geology, methane, stable isotopes, streams",
author = "A. Sampson and N. Ings and F. Shelley and S. Tuffin and J. Grey and M. Trimmer and G. Woodward and A.G. Hildrew",
note = "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sampson, A, Ings, N, Shelley, F, et al. Geographically widespread 13C‐depletion of grazing caddis larvae: A third way of fuelling stream food webs?. Freshw Biol. 2019; 64: 787– 798. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13262 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/FWB.13262 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving. ",
year = "2019",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/fwb.13262",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "787--798",
journal = "Freshwater Biology",
issn = "0046-5070",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geographically widespread C-13-depletion of grazing caddis larvae

T2 - a third way of fuelling stream food webs?

AU - Sampson, A.

AU - Ings, N.

AU - Shelley, F.

AU - Tuffin, S.

AU - Grey, J.

AU - Trimmer, M.

AU - Woodward, G.

AU - Hildrew, A.G.

N1 - This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Sampson, A, Ings, N, Shelley, F, et al. Geographically widespread 13C‐depletion of grazing caddis larvae: A third way of fuelling stream food webs?. Freshw Biol. 2019; 64: 787– 798. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13262 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/FWB.13262 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Stream ecosystems are supported by both green (i.e. based on grazing) and brown (i.e. detritus) food webs, whereas methane-derived carbon is not considered generally to be important; here, we add circumstantial evidence for this potential third way. Grazing cased-caddis (Trichoptera) larvae in the family Glossosomatidae can be very abundant in springs and headwaters and frequently have much lower stable carbon isotope ratios (i.e. they are depleted in the heavier C-13 stable isotope) than the biofilm (epilithon) on the upper surfaces of the stones on which they live, and which is their presumed diet. Evidence for similar isotopic depletion in other lotic invertebrates is currently limited, however; even for glossosomatids it has been observed so far only in some streams draining the southern English cretaceous chalk and in a few headwaters in northern California. If this phenomenon proves to be more widespread, among streams or taxa, it could imply a more general underpinning of stream food webs by isotopically light carbon derived from methane and accessed via consumers feeding on methanotrophic bacteria. Here, we sampled 58 stream sites to examine whether caddis larvae are also C-13-depleted in streams draining other geologies. We focused mainly on carboniferous limestone and sandstone, as well as on further chalk streams representative of most of the British chalk aquifer: together, these new sites covered an area of almost 90,000 km(2), around three times greater than that surveyed previously. At all 58 sites methane gas was supersaturated relative to the atmospheric equilibrium, and at 49 of them larvae were conspicuously C-13-depleted (from -17.5 parts per thousand to -3.6 parts per thousand) relative to the bulk epilithon (components of which we know can oxidise methane). Although still most pronounced on chalk, this phenomenon was geographically and geologically much more widespread than shown previously and suggests methane-derived carbon could indeed play a prominent role in stream food webs (i.e. the third way).

AB - Stream ecosystems are supported by both green (i.e. based on grazing) and brown (i.e. detritus) food webs, whereas methane-derived carbon is not considered generally to be important; here, we add circumstantial evidence for this potential third way. Grazing cased-caddis (Trichoptera) larvae in the family Glossosomatidae can be very abundant in springs and headwaters and frequently have much lower stable carbon isotope ratios (i.e. they are depleted in the heavier C-13 stable isotope) than the biofilm (epilithon) on the upper surfaces of the stones on which they live, and which is their presumed diet. Evidence for similar isotopic depletion in other lotic invertebrates is currently limited, however; even for glossosomatids it has been observed so far only in some streams draining the southern English cretaceous chalk and in a few headwaters in northern California. If this phenomenon proves to be more widespread, among streams or taxa, it could imply a more general underpinning of stream food webs by isotopically light carbon derived from methane and accessed via consumers feeding on methanotrophic bacteria. Here, we sampled 58 stream sites to examine whether caddis larvae are also C-13-depleted in streams draining other geologies. We focused mainly on carboniferous limestone and sandstone, as well as on further chalk streams representative of most of the British chalk aquifer: together, these new sites covered an area of almost 90,000 km(2), around three times greater than that surveyed previously. At all 58 sites methane gas was supersaturated relative to the atmospheric equilibrium, and at 49 of them larvae were conspicuously C-13-depleted (from -17.5 parts per thousand to -3.6 parts per thousand) relative to the bulk epilithon (components of which we know can oxidise methane). Although still most pronounced on chalk, this phenomenon was geographically and geologically much more widespread than shown previously and suggests methane-derived carbon could indeed play a prominent role in stream food webs (i.e. the third way).

KW - armoured grazers

KW - carbon

KW - geology

KW - methane

KW - stable isotopes

KW - streams

U2 - 10.1111/fwb.13262

DO - 10.1111/fwb.13262

M3 - Journal article

VL - 64

SP - 787

EP - 798

JO - Freshwater Biology

JF - Freshwater Biology

SN - 0046-5070

IS - 4

ER -