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Half-Height Pin Gap Waveguide-Based Slow-Wave Structure for Millimeter Wave Traveling-Wave Tubes

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/06/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number6
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)3295-3301
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date21/04/23
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The design of a W -band traveling-wave tube (TWT) power amplifier based on a groove gap waveguide (GW) slow-wave circuit is presented in this article. The technology of GW is analyzed to aid the design of electromagnetic band gap-based slow-wave structures (SWSs) in the upper millimeter wave range of the spectrum while alleviating some of the typical fabrication challenges at these frequencies. The results of particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations numerically demonstrate a 10-GHz instantaneous 3-dB bandwidth in the range 89–99 GHz with a minimum power gain of 25 dB. A prototype of the complete SWS is manufactured via computer numerical control (CNC) machining and measured to verify the cold simulation results. Machining tolerances and surface roughness are also investigated. The design approach via groove GW is flexible and can be extended to alternative rectangular waveguide-based SWSs.