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HFN: Heterogeneous feature network for multivariate time series anomaly detection

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
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Article number120626
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/06/2024
<mark>Journal</mark>Information Sciences
Volume670
Number of pages15
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date18/04/24
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

As the key step of anomaly detection for multivariate time-series (MTS) data, learning the relations among different variables has been explored by many approaches. However, most existing approaches overlook the heterogeneity among variables, that is, different types of variables (continuous numerical variables, discrete categorical variables or hybrid variables) may have different edge distributions. In this paper, we propose a novel semi-supervised anomaly detection framework based on a heterogeneous feature network (HFN) for MTS. Specifically, we first combine the embedding similarity subgraph generated by sensor embedding and the feature value similarity subgraph generated by sensor values to construct a time-series heterogeneous graph, which fully utilizes the rich heterogeneous mutual information among variables. Then, a prediction model containing nodes and channel attentions is jointly optimized to obtain better time-series representations. This approach fuses the state-of-the-art technologies of heterogeneous graph structure learning (HGSL) and representation learning. Experimental results on four sensor datasets from real-world applications demonstrate that our approach achieves more accurate anomaly detection compared to baseline methods, laying a foundation for the rapid positioning of anomalies.