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High site fidelity and low site connectivity in temperate salt marsh fish populations: a stable isotope approach

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High site fidelity and low site connectivity in temperate salt marsh fish populations : a stable isotope approach . / Green, Benjamin C; Smith, David J.; Grey, Jonathan; Underwood, Graham J C.

In: Oecologia, Vol. 168, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 245-255.

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Green, Benjamin C ; Smith, David J. ; Grey, Jonathan ; Underwood, Graham J C. / High site fidelity and low site connectivity in temperate salt marsh fish populations : a stable isotope approach . In: Oecologia. 2012 ; Vol. 168, No. 1. pp. 245-255.

Bibtex

@article{5b5cd8609742479da78ab21a0f87d4b4,
title = "High site fidelity and low site connectivity in temperate salt marsh fish populations: a stable isotope approach ",
abstract = "Adult and juvenile fish utilise salt marshes for food and shelter at high tide, moving into adjacent sublittoral regions during low tide. Understanding whether there are high levels of site fidelity for different species of coastal fish has important implications for habitat conservation and the design of marine protected areas. We hypothesised that common salt marsh fish species would demonstrate a high site fidelity, resulting in minimal inter-marsh connectivity. Carbon (13C) and nitrogen (15N) stable isotope ratios of larvae and juveniles of five common salt marsh fish (Atherina presbyter, Chelon labrosus, Clupea harengus, Dicentrarchus labrax, Pomatoschistus microps), seven types of primary producer and seven secondary consumer food sources were sampled in five salt marshes within two estuary complexes along the coast of south-east England. Significant differences in 13C and 15N signatures between salt marshes indicated distinct sub-populations utilising the area of estuary around each salt marsh, and limited connectivity, even within the same estuary complex. 15N ratios were responsible for the majority of inter-marsh differences for each species and showed similar site-specific patterns in ratios in primary producers, secondary consumers and fish. Fish diets (derived from isotope mixing models) varied between species but were mostly consistent between marsh sites, indicating that dietary shifts were not the source of variability of the inter-marsh isotopic signatures within species. These results demonstrate that for some common coastal fish species, high levels of site fidelity result in individual salt marshes operating as discrete habitats for fish assemblages.",
keywords = "Dispersal, Estuaries, Salt marsh, Population ecology, Fish larvae",
author = "Green, {Benjamin C} and Smith, {David J.} and Jonathan Grey and Underwood, {Graham J C}",
year = "2012",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1007/s00442-011-2077-y",
language = "English",
volume = "168",
pages = "245--255",
journal = "Oecologia",
issn = "0029-8549",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - High site fidelity and low site connectivity in temperate salt marsh fish populations

T2 - a stable isotope approach

AU - Green, Benjamin C

AU - Smith, David J.

AU - Grey, Jonathan

AU - Underwood, Graham J C

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - Adult and juvenile fish utilise salt marshes for food and shelter at high tide, moving into adjacent sublittoral regions during low tide. Understanding whether there are high levels of site fidelity for different species of coastal fish has important implications for habitat conservation and the design of marine protected areas. We hypothesised that common salt marsh fish species would demonstrate a high site fidelity, resulting in minimal inter-marsh connectivity. Carbon (13C) and nitrogen (15N) stable isotope ratios of larvae and juveniles of five common salt marsh fish (Atherina presbyter, Chelon labrosus, Clupea harengus, Dicentrarchus labrax, Pomatoschistus microps), seven types of primary producer and seven secondary consumer food sources were sampled in five salt marshes within two estuary complexes along the coast of south-east England. Significant differences in 13C and 15N signatures between salt marshes indicated distinct sub-populations utilising the area of estuary around each salt marsh, and limited connectivity, even within the same estuary complex. 15N ratios were responsible for the majority of inter-marsh differences for each species and showed similar site-specific patterns in ratios in primary producers, secondary consumers and fish. Fish diets (derived from isotope mixing models) varied between species but were mostly consistent between marsh sites, indicating that dietary shifts were not the source of variability of the inter-marsh isotopic signatures within species. These results demonstrate that for some common coastal fish species, high levels of site fidelity result in individual salt marshes operating as discrete habitats for fish assemblages.

AB - Adult and juvenile fish utilise salt marshes for food and shelter at high tide, moving into adjacent sublittoral regions during low tide. Understanding whether there are high levels of site fidelity for different species of coastal fish has important implications for habitat conservation and the design of marine protected areas. We hypothesised that common salt marsh fish species would demonstrate a high site fidelity, resulting in minimal inter-marsh connectivity. Carbon (13C) and nitrogen (15N) stable isotope ratios of larvae and juveniles of five common salt marsh fish (Atherina presbyter, Chelon labrosus, Clupea harengus, Dicentrarchus labrax, Pomatoschistus microps), seven types of primary producer and seven secondary consumer food sources were sampled in five salt marshes within two estuary complexes along the coast of south-east England. Significant differences in 13C and 15N signatures between salt marshes indicated distinct sub-populations utilising the area of estuary around each salt marsh, and limited connectivity, even within the same estuary complex. 15N ratios were responsible for the majority of inter-marsh differences for each species and showed similar site-specific patterns in ratios in primary producers, secondary consumers and fish. Fish diets (derived from isotope mixing models) varied between species but were mostly consistent between marsh sites, indicating that dietary shifts were not the source of variability of the inter-marsh isotopic signatures within species. These results demonstrate that for some common coastal fish species, high levels of site fidelity result in individual salt marshes operating as discrete habitats for fish assemblages.

KW - Dispersal

KW - Estuaries

KW - Salt marsh

KW - Population ecology

KW - Fish larvae

U2 - 10.1007/s00442-011-2077-y

DO - 10.1007/s00442-011-2077-y

M3 - Journal article

VL - 168

SP - 245

EP - 255

JO - Oecologia

JF - Oecologia

SN - 0029-8549

IS - 1

ER -