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High Thermoelectric Performance of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes based Ionogels

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  • Imran Haider Sajid
  • Navid Aslfattahi
  • Mohd Faiz Mohd Salleh
  • Nik Nazri Nik Ghazali
  • R. Saidur
  • Muhammad Tahir
  • Mohamed Bashir Ali Bashir
  • Mohd Faizul Mohd Sabri
Article number108334
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/03/2024
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date16/02/24
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Ionogels have emerged as promising thermoelectric materials with Seebeck coefficient 2–3 orders of magnitude higher than Seebeck coefficient of their inorganic counter parts. However, they suffer from the problem of low ionic conductivity, which can be improved with the addition of inorganic nanofillers to the ionogels. In the present work, thermoelectric performance of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) based ionogels (IGs) has been investigated. IGs were synthesized via in situ radical polymerization of polyethylene glycol 200 dimethacrylate (PEG200DMA) difunctional monomer in the presence of 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium tetrafluoroborate (an ionic liquid) and MWCNTs. Three composites namely MWCNTs-0.25, MWCNTs-0.5 and MWCNTs-1 were prepared having the concentration of MWCNTs by 0.25, 0.5 and 1 wt% respectively. A remarkable 75.3% enhancement in ionic conductivity was achieved for the MWCNTs-1 wt% ionogel compared to the base IG at 40 °C. This substantial improvement can be attributed to the "breathing polymer chain model," which describes the dissociation of ion aggregates due to the interaction between the ionic liquid and polymer chains. In terms of thermoelectric performance amongst the MWCNT ionogels, 0.25 wt% MWCNT-based ionogels was the optimized concentration with very high Seebeck coefficient of 1.70 mV/K and power factor of 4.1 µW/m. K along with excellent thermal stability up to 386 °C. These high-performing ionogels hold great promise for efficient utilization of low-grade thermal energy.