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Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major

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Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major. / Sadlova, Jovana; Vojtkova, Barbora; Hrncirova, Katerina et al.

In: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, Vol. 8, 04.2019, p. 118-126.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Sadlova, J, Vojtkova, B, Hrncirova, K, Lestinova, T, Spitzova, T, Becvar, T, Votypka, J, Bates, P & Volf, P 2019, 'Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major', International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, vol. 8, pp. 118-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.01.004

APA

Sadlova, J., Vojtkova, B., Hrncirova, K., Lestinova, T., Spitzova, T., Becvar, T., Votypka, J., Bates, P., & Volf, P. (2019). Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 8, 118-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.01.004

Vancouver

Sadlova J, Vojtkova B, Hrncirova K, Lestinova T, Spitzova T, Becvar T et al. Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. 2019 Apr;8:118-126. Epub 2019 Jan 24. doi: 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.01.004

Author

Sadlova, Jovana ; Vojtkova, Barbora ; Hrncirova, Katerina et al. / Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major. In: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. 2019 ; Vol. 8. pp. 118-126.

Bibtex

@article{d8f2e8d43d074e9f8442308c3cd646c2,
title = "Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major",
abstract = "Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major is a typical zoonosis circulating in rodents. In Sub-Saharan Africa the reservoirs remain to be identified, although L. major has been detected in several rodent species including members of the genera Arvicanthis and Mastomys. However, differentiation of true reservoir hosts from incidental hosts requires in-depth studies both in the field and in the laboratory, with the best method for testing the infectiousness of hosts to biting vectors being xenodiagnosis. Here we studied experimental infections of three L. major strains in Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis; the infections were initiated either with sand fly-derived or with culture-derived Leishmania promastigotes. Inoculated rodents were monitored for several months and tested by xenodiagnoses for their infectiousness to Phlebotomus duboscqi, the natural vector of L. major in Sub-Saharan Africa. The distribution and load of parasites were determined post mortem using qPCR from the blood, skin and viscera samples. The attractiveness of Arvicanthis and Mastomys to P. duboscqi was tested by pair-wise comparisons. Three L. major strains used significantly differed in infectivity: the Middle Eastern strain infected a low proportion of rodents, while two Sub-Saharan isolates (LV109, LV110) infected a high percentage of animals and LV110 also produced higher parasite loads in all host species. All three rodent species maintained parasites of the LV109 strain for 20-25 weeks and were able to infect P. duboscqi without apparent health complications: infected animals showed only temporary swellings or changes of pigmentation at the site of inoculation. However, the higher infection rates, more generalized distribution of parasites and longer infectiousness period to sand flies in M. natalensis suggest that this species plays the more important reservoir role in the life cycle of L. major in Sub-Saharan Africa. Arvicanthis species may serve as potential reservoirs in seasons/periods of low abundance of Mastomys.",
keywords = "Wild reservoir, Xenodiagnosis, Grass rats, Multimammate mice, Leishmaniases, Arvicanthis, Mastomys",
author = "Jovana Sadlova and Barbora Vojtkova and Katerina Hrncirova and Tereza Lestinova and Tatiana Spitzova and Tomas Becvar and Jan Votypka and Paul Bates and Petr Volf",
year = "2019",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.01.004",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "118--126",
journal = "International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife",
issn = "2213-2244",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Host competence of African rodents Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis for Leishmania major

AU - Sadlova, Jovana

AU - Vojtkova, Barbora

AU - Hrncirova, Katerina

AU - Lestinova, Tereza

AU - Spitzova, Tatiana

AU - Becvar, Tomas

AU - Votypka, Jan

AU - Bates, Paul

AU - Volf, Petr

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major is a typical zoonosis circulating in rodents. In Sub-Saharan Africa the reservoirs remain to be identified, although L. major has been detected in several rodent species including members of the genera Arvicanthis and Mastomys. However, differentiation of true reservoir hosts from incidental hosts requires in-depth studies both in the field and in the laboratory, with the best method for testing the infectiousness of hosts to biting vectors being xenodiagnosis. Here we studied experimental infections of three L. major strains in Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis; the infections were initiated either with sand fly-derived or with culture-derived Leishmania promastigotes. Inoculated rodents were monitored for several months and tested by xenodiagnoses for their infectiousness to Phlebotomus duboscqi, the natural vector of L. major in Sub-Saharan Africa. The distribution and load of parasites were determined post mortem using qPCR from the blood, skin and viscera samples. The attractiveness of Arvicanthis and Mastomys to P. duboscqi was tested by pair-wise comparisons. Three L. major strains used significantly differed in infectivity: the Middle Eastern strain infected a low proportion of rodents, while two Sub-Saharan isolates (LV109, LV110) infected a high percentage of animals and LV110 also produced higher parasite loads in all host species. All three rodent species maintained parasites of the LV109 strain for 20-25 weeks and were able to infect P. duboscqi without apparent health complications: infected animals showed only temporary swellings or changes of pigmentation at the site of inoculation. However, the higher infection rates, more generalized distribution of parasites and longer infectiousness period to sand flies in M. natalensis suggest that this species plays the more important reservoir role in the life cycle of L. major in Sub-Saharan Africa. Arvicanthis species may serve as potential reservoirs in seasons/periods of low abundance of Mastomys.

AB - Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major is a typical zoonosis circulating in rodents. In Sub-Saharan Africa the reservoirs remain to be identified, although L. major has been detected in several rodent species including members of the genera Arvicanthis and Mastomys. However, differentiation of true reservoir hosts from incidental hosts requires in-depth studies both in the field and in the laboratory, with the best method for testing the infectiousness of hosts to biting vectors being xenodiagnosis. Here we studied experimental infections of three L. major strains in Arvicanthis neumanni, A. niloticus and Mastomys natalensis; the infections were initiated either with sand fly-derived or with culture-derived Leishmania promastigotes. Inoculated rodents were monitored for several months and tested by xenodiagnoses for their infectiousness to Phlebotomus duboscqi, the natural vector of L. major in Sub-Saharan Africa. The distribution and load of parasites were determined post mortem using qPCR from the blood, skin and viscera samples. The attractiveness of Arvicanthis and Mastomys to P. duboscqi was tested by pair-wise comparisons. Three L. major strains used significantly differed in infectivity: the Middle Eastern strain infected a low proportion of rodents, while two Sub-Saharan isolates (LV109, LV110) infected a high percentage of animals and LV110 also produced higher parasite loads in all host species. All three rodent species maintained parasites of the LV109 strain for 20-25 weeks and were able to infect P. duboscqi without apparent health complications: infected animals showed only temporary swellings or changes of pigmentation at the site of inoculation. However, the higher infection rates, more generalized distribution of parasites and longer infectiousness period to sand flies in M. natalensis suggest that this species plays the more important reservoir role in the life cycle of L. major in Sub-Saharan Africa. Arvicanthis species may serve as potential reservoirs in seasons/periods of low abundance of Mastomys.

KW - Wild reservoir

KW - Xenodiagnosis

KW - Grass rats

KW - Multimammate mice

KW - Leishmaniases

KW - Arvicanthis

KW - Mastomys

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.01.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.01.004

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30740304

VL - 8

SP - 118

EP - 126

JO - International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife

JF - International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife

SN - 2213-2244

ER -