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    Rights statement: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European Sociological Review following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Yang Hu, How Does Age Shape Social Interactions? Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes, European Sociological Review, 2021;, jcaa069, https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcaa069 is available online at: [url]

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    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

  • ESR_HU_How Does Age Shape Social Interactions.Supp

    Rights statement: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European Sociological Review following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Yang Hu, How Does Age Shape Social Interactions? Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes, European Sociological Review, August 2021, 37, 4 ; 673-693, is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/esr/article/37/4/673/6104096?

    Accepted author manuscript, 896 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 19/01/23

    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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How Does Age Shape Social Interactions?: Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes

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How Does Age Shape Social Interactions? Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes. / Hu, Yang.

In: European Sociological Review, Vol. 37, No. 4, 31.08.2021, p. 673-963.

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@article{ca5f639fea264bc497e7d5c6406c1bff,
title = "How Does Age Shape Social Interactions?: Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes",
abstract = "Age is one of the most widely used indicators in social research. However, the ways in which age influences the dynamics and outcomes of social interactions have received insufficient attention. The contextual configurations of this influence are particularly under-researched. Analysing data from the European Social Survey, I exploit the case of a survey interview as a microcosm of social interactions to examine the ways in which age influences respondent–interviewer interactions and shapes people{\textquoteright}s articulation of gender attitudes. I disentangle whether interviewer{\textquoteright}s age influences respondents{\textquoteright} gender-attitude reports directly or via its interaction with respondent{\textquoteright}s age. I develop the concept of normative age distance in gender attitudes—the young–old inter-cohort difference in gender attitudes in a given country–year—to examine how it moderates interviewer-age effects. The results suggest that respondents draw on the normative age distance to associate stereotypical gender attitudes with the interviewer{\textquoteright}s age and to make sense of their age distance from the interviewer when reporting their gender attitudes. Respondents are more sensitive to the interviewer{\textquoteright}s age when the respondent–interviewer age difference is wider and the normative age distance in gender attitudes is greater. Older respondents are more sensitive to normative age distance in gender attitudes when responding to the interviewer{\textquoteright}s age. The results provide new insights into how age configures social interactions, underline the importance of understanding survey interviews as contextually embedded symbolic interactions, and reflect critically on methodological challenges to survey design and data analysis. ",
author = "Yang Hu",
note = "This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European Sociological Review following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Yang Hu, How Does Age Shape Social Interactions? Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes, European Sociological Review, August 2021, 37, 4 ; 673-693, is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/esr/article/37/4/673/6104096?",
year = "2021",
month = aug,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1093/esr/jcaa069",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "673--963",
journal = "European Sociological Review",
issn = "0266-7215",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How Does Age Shape Social Interactions?

T2 - Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes

AU - Hu, Yang

N1 - This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European Sociological Review following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Yang Hu, How Does Age Shape Social Interactions? Interviewer-Age Effects, Normative Age Distance, and Gender Attitudes, European Sociological Review, August 2021, 37, 4 ; 673-693, is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/esr/article/37/4/673/6104096?

PY - 2021/8/31

Y1 - 2021/8/31

N2 - Age is one of the most widely used indicators in social research. However, the ways in which age influences the dynamics and outcomes of social interactions have received insufficient attention. The contextual configurations of this influence are particularly under-researched. Analysing data from the European Social Survey, I exploit the case of a survey interview as a microcosm of social interactions to examine the ways in which age influences respondent–interviewer interactions and shapes people’s articulation of gender attitudes. I disentangle whether interviewer’s age influences respondents’ gender-attitude reports directly or via its interaction with respondent’s age. I develop the concept of normative age distance in gender attitudes—the young–old inter-cohort difference in gender attitudes in a given country–year—to examine how it moderates interviewer-age effects. The results suggest that respondents draw on the normative age distance to associate stereotypical gender attitudes with the interviewer’s age and to make sense of their age distance from the interviewer when reporting their gender attitudes. Respondents are more sensitive to the interviewer’s age when the respondent–interviewer age difference is wider and the normative age distance in gender attitudes is greater. Older respondents are more sensitive to normative age distance in gender attitudes when responding to the interviewer’s age. The results provide new insights into how age configures social interactions, underline the importance of understanding survey interviews as contextually embedded symbolic interactions, and reflect critically on methodological challenges to survey design and data analysis.

AB - Age is one of the most widely used indicators in social research. However, the ways in which age influences the dynamics and outcomes of social interactions have received insufficient attention. The contextual configurations of this influence are particularly under-researched. Analysing data from the European Social Survey, I exploit the case of a survey interview as a microcosm of social interactions to examine the ways in which age influences respondent–interviewer interactions and shapes people’s articulation of gender attitudes. I disentangle whether interviewer’s age influences respondents’ gender-attitude reports directly or via its interaction with respondent’s age. I develop the concept of normative age distance in gender attitudes—the young–old inter-cohort difference in gender attitudes in a given country–year—to examine how it moderates interviewer-age effects. The results suggest that respondents draw on the normative age distance to associate stereotypical gender attitudes with the interviewer’s age and to make sense of their age distance from the interviewer when reporting their gender attitudes. Respondents are more sensitive to the interviewer’s age when the respondent–interviewer age difference is wider and the normative age distance in gender attitudes is greater. Older respondents are more sensitive to normative age distance in gender attitudes when responding to the interviewer’s age. The results provide new insights into how age configures social interactions, underline the importance of understanding survey interviews as contextually embedded symbolic interactions, and reflect critically on methodological challenges to survey design and data analysis.

U2 - 10.1093/esr/jcaa069

DO - 10.1093/esr/jcaa069

M3 - Journal article

VL - 37

SP - 673

EP - 963

JO - European Sociological Review

JF - European Sociological Review

SN - 0266-7215

IS - 4

ER -