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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 133, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922

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    Embargo ends: 26/02/23

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Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

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Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system. / Xian, H.W.; Sidik, N.A.C.; Saidur, R.

In: International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 133, 105922, 30.04.2022.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Xian, HW, Sidik, NAC & Saidur, R 2022, 'Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system', International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 133, 105922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922

APA

Xian, H. W., Sidik, N. A. C., & Saidur, R. (2022). Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 133, [105922]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922

Vancouver

Xian HW, Sidik NAC, Saidur R. Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. 2022 Apr 30;133. 105922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922

Author

Xian, H.W. ; Sidik, N.A.C. ; Saidur, R. / Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system. In: International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. 2022 ; Vol. 133.

Bibtex

@article{0fc41683c64041be87d71ff4fb8ad9b8,
title = "Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system",
abstract = "An enormous amount of heat generated from a vehicle engine could be removed fractionally by using a radiator. The struggle to maintain efficient heat exchange in a vehicle cooling system is arduous as both active and passive methods require time to catch up with high-power engine technologies. This study reported the heat transfer performance of a novel hybrid nanocoolant with various mixing ratios. The hybrid nanocoolant consisted of carboxyl-functionalised graphene nanoplatelets (CGnP) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles in a mixture of distilled water and ethylene glycol. The thermal performance of the hybrid nanocoolant was conducted using a test rig equipped with a crossflow type radiator. The effect of different hybrid mixing ratios, Reynolds number, and air inlet velocity on heat transfer performance was studied. The Nusselt number obtained with distilled water and base coolant was close to the Dehghandokht's and Shah-London's correlations. When CGnP-TiO2 (70:30) with 0.1 wt% concentration was mixed into the base coolant, 4.94%, 35.87%, and 20.48% of maximum increments were observed for Nusselt number, overall heat transfer coefficient, and effectiveness of radiator, respectively. The maximum error in estimating heat transfer performance using proposed correlations was less than 8%. It can be concluded that hybrid nanocoolant with different mixing ratios significantly affects heat transfer performance. This characteristic is vital for determining the best possible attributes in various nanocomposite combinations. {\textcopyright} 2022 Elsevier Ltd",
keywords = "Correlation, Heat transfer, Hybrid nanofluid, Optimum, Radiator, Air, Automobile cooling systems, Coolants, Cooling, Engines, Ethylene, Ethylene glycol, Mixing, Nanofluidics, Radiators, Reynolds number, Thermoelectric equipment, Vehicle performance, Carboxyl-functionalized, Distilled water, Functionalized graphene, Graphene nanoplatelets, Heat transfer performance, Mixing ratios, Vehicle cooling, Titanium dioxide",
author = "H.W. Xian and N.A.C. Sidik and R. Saidur",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 133, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922",
language = "English",
volume = "133",
journal = "International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hybrid nanocoolant for enhanced heat transfer performance in vehicle cooling system

AU - Xian, H.W.

AU - Sidik, N.A.C.

AU - Saidur, R.

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 133, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922

PY - 2022/4/30

Y1 - 2022/4/30

N2 - An enormous amount of heat generated from a vehicle engine could be removed fractionally by using a radiator. The struggle to maintain efficient heat exchange in a vehicle cooling system is arduous as both active and passive methods require time to catch up with high-power engine technologies. This study reported the heat transfer performance of a novel hybrid nanocoolant with various mixing ratios. The hybrid nanocoolant consisted of carboxyl-functionalised graphene nanoplatelets (CGnP) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles in a mixture of distilled water and ethylene glycol. The thermal performance of the hybrid nanocoolant was conducted using a test rig equipped with a crossflow type radiator. The effect of different hybrid mixing ratios, Reynolds number, and air inlet velocity on heat transfer performance was studied. The Nusselt number obtained with distilled water and base coolant was close to the Dehghandokht's and Shah-London's correlations. When CGnP-TiO2 (70:30) with 0.1 wt% concentration was mixed into the base coolant, 4.94%, 35.87%, and 20.48% of maximum increments were observed for Nusselt number, overall heat transfer coefficient, and effectiveness of radiator, respectively. The maximum error in estimating heat transfer performance using proposed correlations was less than 8%. It can be concluded that hybrid nanocoolant with different mixing ratios significantly affects heat transfer performance. This characteristic is vital for determining the best possible attributes in various nanocomposite combinations. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

AB - An enormous amount of heat generated from a vehicle engine could be removed fractionally by using a radiator. The struggle to maintain efficient heat exchange in a vehicle cooling system is arduous as both active and passive methods require time to catch up with high-power engine technologies. This study reported the heat transfer performance of a novel hybrid nanocoolant with various mixing ratios. The hybrid nanocoolant consisted of carboxyl-functionalised graphene nanoplatelets (CGnP) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles in a mixture of distilled water and ethylene glycol. The thermal performance of the hybrid nanocoolant was conducted using a test rig equipped with a crossflow type radiator. The effect of different hybrid mixing ratios, Reynolds number, and air inlet velocity on heat transfer performance was studied. The Nusselt number obtained with distilled water and base coolant was close to the Dehghandokht's and Shah-London's correlations. When CGnP-TiO2 (70:30) with 0.1 wt% concentration was mixed into the base coolant, 4.94%, 35.87%, and 20.48% of maximum increments were observed for Nusselt number, overall heat transfer coefficient, and effectiveness of radiator, respectively. The maximum error in estimating heat transfer performance using proposed correlations was less than 8%. It can be concluded that hybrid nanocoolant with different mixing ratios significantly affects heat transfer performance. This characteristic is vital for determining the best possible attributes in various nanocomposite combinations. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

KW - Correlation

KW - Heat transfer

KW - Hybrid nanofluid

KW - Optimum

KW - Radiator

KW - Air

KW - Automobile cooling systems

KW - Coolants

KW - Cooling

KW - Engines

KW - Ethylene

KW - Ethylene glycol

KW - Mixing

KW - Nanofluidics

KW - Radiators

KW - Reynolds number

KW - Thermoelectric equipment

KW - Vehicle performance

KW - Carboxyl-functionalized

KW - Distilled water

KW - Functionalized graphene

KW - Graphene nanoplatelets

KW - Heat transfer performance

KW - Mixing ratios

KW - Vehicle cooling

KW - Titanium dioxide

U2 - 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922

DO - 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2022.105922

M3 - Journal article

VL - 133

JO - International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer

JF - International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer

M1 - 105922

ER -