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Implementation of greenhouse gas reductions in the European Community: institutional and cultural factors.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal article

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>03/1993
<mark>Journal</mark>Global Environmental Change
Issue number1
Number of pages28
Pages (from-to)101-128
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The European Community is the only supranational entity with legally constituted policy sovereignty over its member countries. However, attempts to establish EC policy on global warming have coincided with intensifying conflict over moves to greater monetary and political union. The roles of The Netherlands, Germany, and the UK are contrasted in some detail, especially in relation to degrees of interventionism. The study concludes that a proposed carbon tax is likely to be favoured as leaving the least footprint of central political authority. However, the Community has also developed considerable informal sophistication to compensate for the formal limitations of its authority over member states. This is influenced by a network of NGOs able to pursue policy aims at the local level.