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In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane

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In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane. / Levine, J. G.; Wolff, E. W.; Jones, A. E.; Hutterli, M. A.; Wild, O.; Carver, G. D.; Pyle, J. A.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 116, D05305, 11.03.2011, p. -.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Levine, JG, Wolff, EW, Jones, AE, Hutterli, MA, Wild, O, Carver, GD & Pyle, JA 2011, 'In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane', Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 116, D05305, pp. -. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD014878

APA

Levine, J. G., Wolff, E. W., Jones, A. E., Hutterli, M. A., Wild, O., Carver, G. D., & Pyle, J. A. (2011). In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116, -. [D05305]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD014878

Vancouver

Levine JG, Wolff EW, Jones AE, Hutterli MA, Wild O, Carver GD et al. In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 2011 Mar 11;116:-. D05305. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD014878

Author

Levine, J. G. ; Wolff, E. W. ; Jones, A. E. ; Hutterli, M. A. ; Wild, O. ; Carver, G. D. ; Pyle, J. A. / In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 2011 ; Vol. 116. pp. -.

Bibtex

@article{7522d2b0231144f3983b2d327721d872,
title = "In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane",
abstract = "The concentration of atmospheric methane increased from around 360 ppbv at the last glacial maximum (similar to 20 ka before present) to about 700 ppbv in the pre-industrial era (similar to 200 years before present). The sources and/or sinks of methane must therefore have changed during this period; however, the relative sizes of the source- and sink-driven changes in methane concentration remain uncertain. We take the first {"}bottom-up{"} approach to identifying any chemical signals preserved in the ice record that could help us to determine these. Using an atmospheric chemistry-transport model, we explore the effects of source- and sink-driven changes in methane on a wide range of chemical species in the Antarctic boundary layer. Though we identify several potentially useful atmospheric signals, a simple and robust constraint on the sizes of the source- and sink-driven changes cannot be readily identified, owing to their preservation in the ice, limitations to the information they hold, and/or ambiguity surrounding their interpretation. This includes the mass-independent fractionation of oxygen isotopes in sulfates, and the concentration of formaldehyde, in which there has been considerable interest. Our exploration is confined to a domain in which NOx emissions and climate remain constant. However, given the uncertainties associated with the changes in these factors, we would anticipate that their inclusion would make it harder still to identify a robust signal. Finally, though formaldehyde cannot provide this, we propose how it might be used to synchronize the gas- and aqueous-phase Antarctic ice records and thus determine the relative phasing of glacial-interglacial changes in Southern Hemisphere CO2 and temperature.",
keywords = "LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM, CHEMICAL-TRANSPORT MODEL, MEAN OH CONCENTRATION, PAST 800,000 YEARS, TROPOSPHERIC OZONE, CARBON-MONOXIDE, SCALE FEATURES, SULFUR CYCLE, CH4 GRADIENT, POLAR ICE",
author = "Levine, {J. G.} and Wolff, {E. W.} and Jones, {A. E.} and Hutterli, {M. A.} and O. Wild and Carver, {G. D.} and Pyle, {J. A.}",
year = "2011",
month = mar,
day = "11",
doi = "10.1029/2010JD014878",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "--",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres",
issn = "0747-7309",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - In search of an ice core signal to differentiate between source-driven and sink-driven changes in atmospheric methane

AU - Levine, J. G.

AU - Wolff, E. W.

AU - Jones, A. E.

AU - Hutterli, M. A.

AU - Wild, O.

AU - Carver, G. D.

AU - Pyle, J. A.

PY - 2011/3/11

Y1 - 2011/3/11

N2 - The concentration of atmospheric methane increased from around 360 ppbv at the last glacial maximum (similar to 20 ka before present) to about 700 ppbv in the pre-industrial era (similar to 200 years before present). The sources and/or sinks of methane must therefore have changed during this period; however, the relative sizes of the source- and sink-driven changes in methane concentration remain uncertain. We take the first "bottom-up" approach to identifying any chemical signals preserved in the ice record that could help us to determine these. Using an atmospheric chemistry-transport model, we explore the effects of source- and sink-driven changes in methane on a wide range of chemical species in the Antarctic boundary layer. Though we identify several potentially useful atmospheric signals, a simple and robust constraint on the sizes of the source- and sink-driven changes cannot be readily identified, owing to their preservation in the ice, limitations to the information they hold, and/or ambiguity surrounding their interpretation. This includes the mass-independent fractionation of oxygen isotopes in sulfates, and the concentration of formaldehyde, in which there has been considerable interest. Our exploration is confined to a domain in which NOx emissions and climate remain constant. However, given the uncertainties associated with the changes in these factors, we would anticipate that their inclusion would make it harder still to identify a robust signal. Finally, though formaldehyde cannot provide this, we propose how it might be used to synchronize the gas- and aqueous-phase Antarctic ice records and thus determine the relative phasing of glacial-interglacial changes in Southern Hemisphere CO2 and temperature.

AB - The concentration of atmospheric methane increased from around 360 ppbv at the last glacial maximum (similar to 20 ka before present) to about 700 ppbv in the pre-industrial era (similar to 200 years before present). The sources and/or sinks of methane must therefore have changed during this period; however, the relative sizes of the source- and sink-driven changes in methane concentration remain uncertain. We take the first "bottom-up" approach to identifying any chemical signals preserved in the ice record that could help us to determine these. Using an atmospheric chemistry-transport model, we explore the effects of source- and sink-driven changes in methane on a wide range of chemical species in the Antarctic boundary layer. Though we identify several potentially useful atmospheric signals, a simple and robust constraint on the sizes of the source- and sink-driven changes cannot be readily identified, owing to their preservation in the ice, limitations to the information they hold, and/or ambiguity surrounding their interpretation. This includes the mass-independent fractionation of oxygen isotopes in sulfates, and the concentration of formaldehyde, in which there has been considerable interest. Our exploration is confined to a domain in which NOx emissions and climate remain constant. However, given the uncertainties associated with the changes in these factors, we would anticipate that their inclusion would make it harder still to identify a robust signal. Finally, though formaldehyde cannot provide this, we propose how it might be used to synchronize the gas- and aqueous-phase Antarctic ice records and thus determine the relative phasing of glacial-interglacial changes in Southern Hemisphere CO2 and temperature.

KW - LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM

KW - CHEMICAL-TRANSPORT MODEL

KW - MEAN OH CONCENTRATION

KW - PAST 800,000 YEARS

KW - TROPOSPHERIC OZONE

KW - CARBON-MONOXIDE

KW - SCALE FEATURES

KW - SULFUR CYCLE

KW - CH4 GRADIENT

KW - POLAR ICE

U2 - 10.1029/2010JD014878

DO - 10.1029/2010JD014878

M3 - Journal article

VL - 116

SP - -

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

SN - 0747-7309

M1 - D05305

ER -