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Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality.

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Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality. / Walker, Gordon; Mitchell, Gordon; Fairburn, John; Smith, Graham.

In: Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, Vol. 10, No. 4, 08.2005, p. 361-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Walker, G, Mitchell, G, Fairburn, J & Smith, G 2005, 'Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality.', Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 361-377. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549830500160842

APA

Walker, G., Mitchell, G., Fairburn, J., & Smith, G. (2005). Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality. Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 10(4), 361-377. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549830500160842

Vancouver

Walker G, Mitchell G, Fairburn J, Smith G. Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality. Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability. 2005 Aug;10(4):361-377. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549830500160842

Author

Walker, Gordon ; Mitchell, Gordon ; Fairburn, John ; Smith, Graham. / Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality. In: Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability. 2005 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 361-377.

Bibtex

@article{c0ff6ae4ef3b4bd5ae3303c4f0423658,
title = "Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality.",
abstract = "The local impacts of industrial pollution can take many forms and{\^a}��whilst uncertain in their scale, severity and distribution{\^a}��are widely recognised. The question of who in society potentially experiences these impacts through living near to emission sources has been little explored, at least in the UK. This paper reports on a study carried out for the Environment Agency, which examined the distribution of sites coming within the Industrial Pollution Control (IPC) regime against patterns of deprivation. Our analysis provides evidence of a socially unequal distribution of IPC sites in England, with sites disproportionately located and clustered together in deprived areas and near to deprived populations. In discussing these results we emphasise the methodological limitations of this form of environmental justice analysis and the crucial differences between proximity, risk and impact. We also consider the distinction between inequality and injustice and the difficult policy questions which arise when evaluating evidence of environmental inequality, including potential grounds for policy intervention.",
keywords = "industrial pollution environmental justice inequality",
author = "Gordon Walker and Gordon Mitchell and John Fairburn and Graham Smith",
note = "he final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Local Environment, 10 (4), 2005, {\textcopyright} Informa Plc",
year = "2005",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1080/13549830500160842",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "361--377",
journal = "Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability",
issn = "1354-9839",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Industrial pollution and social deprivation: evidence and complexity in evaluating and responding to environmental inequality.

AU - Walker, Gordon

AU - Mitchell, Gordon

AU - Fairburn, John

AU - Smith, Graham

N1 - he final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Local Environment, 10 (4), 2005, © Informa Plc

PY - 2005/8

Y1 - 2005/8

N2 - The local impacts of industrial pollution can take many forms and�whilst uncertain in their scale, severity and distribution�are widely recognised. The question of who in society potentially experiences these impacts through living near to emission sources has been little explored, at least in the UK. This paper reports on a study carried out for the Environment Agency, which examined the distribution of sites coming within the Industrial Pollution Control (IPC) regime against patterns of deprivation. Our analysis provides evidence of a socially unequal distribution of IPC sites in England, with sites disproportionately located and clustered together in deprived areas and near to deprived populations. In discussing these results we emphasise the methodological limitations of this form of environmental justice analysis and the crucial differences between proximity, risk and impact. We also consider the distinction between inequality and injustice and the difficult policy questions which arise when evaluating evidence of environmental inequality, including potential grounds for policy intervention.

AB - The local impacts of industrial pollution can take many forms and�whilst uncertain in their scale, severity and distribution�are widely recognised. The question of who in society potentially experiences these impacts through living near to emission sources has been little explored, at least in the UK. This paper reports on a study carried out for the Environment Agency, which examined the distribution of sites coming within the Industrial Pollution Control (IPC) regime against patterns of deprivation. Our analysis provides evidence of a socially unequal distribution of IPC sites in England, with sites disproportionately located and clustered together in deprived areas and near to deprived populations. In discussing these results we emphasise the methodological limitations of this form of environmental justice analysis and the crucial differences between proximity, risk and impact. We also consider the distinction between inequality and injustice and the difficult policy questions which arise when evaluating evidence of environmental inequality, including potential grounds for policy intervention.

KW - industrial pollution environmental justice inequality

U2 - 10.1080/13549830500160842

DO - 10.1080/13549830500160842

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - 361

EP - 377

JO - Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability

JF - Local Environment : The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability

SN - 1354-9839

IS - 4

ER -