Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae by the gut...
View graph of relations

Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae by the gut bacterial flora of the desert locust: characterisation of antifungal toxins

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae by the gut bacterial flora of the desert locust: characterisation of antifungal toxins. / Dillon, R. J. ; Charnley, A. K. .

In: Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 34, No. 9, 09.1988, p. 1075-1082.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Dillon RJ, Charnley AK. Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae by the gut bacterial flora of the desert locust: characterisation of antifungal toxins. Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 1988 Sep;34(9):1075-1082. doi: 10.1139/m88-189

Author

Dillon, R. J. ; Charnley, A. K. . / Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae by the gut bacterial flora of the desert locust: characterisation of antifungal toxins. In: Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 1988 ; Vol. 34, No. 9. pp. 1075-1082.

Bibtex

@article{bd3f3e9a33364fb59b86ef35f45c80b4,
title = "Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae by the gut bacterial flora of the desert locust: characterisation of antifungal toxins",
abstract = "Antifungal compounds have been found in gut fluid and aqueous faecal extracts from parasite-free and conventional desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria), but not from germ-free locusts. These compounds inhibit germination of four isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae and 10 other species of insect and plant pathogenic fungi. Low molecular weight (< 200) antifungal compounds were purified from faecal extracts using ion-exchange and gel chromatography. Hydroquinone, 3,4-dihydroxy-and 3,5-dihydroxy-benzoic acid were identified using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The phenols possessed antifungal activity at concentrations estimated to be present in the inhibitory faecal extract. The low molecular weight compounds were found in extracts from conventional and parasite-free locusts, but were absent from extracts from germ-free insects. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that antifungal phenols, produced by the gut bacterial flora, are responsible for the fungitoxic activity in the gut of the desert locust. Antifungal activity was also located in the guts of seven Orthopteran species of insects using conidia of M. anisopliae (strain ME1) as a bioassay.",
author = "Dillon, {R. J.} and Charnley, {A. K.}",
year = "1988",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1139/m88-189",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "1075--1082",
journal = "Canadian Journal of Microbiology",
issn = "0008-4166",
publisher = "National Research Council of Canada",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhibition of Metarhizium anisopliae by the gut bacterial flora of the desert locust: characterisation of antifungal toxins

AU - Dillon, R. J.

AU - Charnley, A. K.

PY - 1988/9

Y1 - 1988/9

N2 - Antifungal compounds have been found in gut fluid and aqueous faecal extracts from parasite-free and conventional desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria), but not from germ-free locusts. These compounds inhibit germination of four isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae and 10 other species of insect and plant pathogenic fungi. Low molecular weight (< 200) antifungal compounds were purified from faecal extracts using ion-exchange and gel chromatography. Hydroquinone, 3,4-dihydroxy-and 3,5-dihydroxy-benzoic acid were identified using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The phenols possessed antifungal activity at concentrations estimated to be present in the inhibitory faecal extract. The low molecular weight compounds were found in extracts from conventional and parasite-free locusts, but were absent from extracts from germ-free insects. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that antifungal phenols, produced by the gut bacterial flora, are responsible for the fungitoxic activity in the gut of the desert locust. Antifungal activity was also located in the guts of seven Orthopteran species of insects using conidia of M. anisopliae (strain ME1) as a bioassay.

AB - Antifungal compounds have been found in gut fluid and aqueous faecal extracts from parasite-free and conventional desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria), but not from germ-free locusts. These compounds inhibit germination of four isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae and 10 other species of insect and plant pathogenic fungi. Low molecular weight (< 200) antifungal compounds were purified from faecal extracts using ion-exchange and gel chromatography. Hydroquinone, 3,4-dihydroxy-and 3,5-dihydroxy-benzoic acid were identified using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The phenols possessed antifungal activity at concentrations estimated to be present in the inhibitory faecal extract. The low molecular weight compounds were found in extracts from conventional and parasite-free locusts, but were absent from extracts from germ-free insects. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that antifungal phenols, produced by the gut bacterial flora, are responsible for the fungitoxic activity in the gut of the desert locust. Antifungal activity was also located in the guts of seven Orthopteran species of insects using conidia of M. anisopliae (strain ME1) as a bioassay.

U2 - 10.1139/m88-189

DO - 10.1139/m88-189

M3 - Journal article

VL - 34

SP - 1075

EP - 1082

JO - Canadian Journal of Microbiology

JF - Canadian Journal of Microbiology

SN - 0008-4166

IS - 9

ER -