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  • Leal Lennox et al. 2020_Science

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Integrated terrestrial-freshwater planning doubles conservation of tropical aquatic species

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • S.F.B. Ferraz
  • J. Ferreira
  • J.R. Thomson
  • A.C. Lees
  • R.M. Hughes
  • R. MacNally
  • L.E.O.C. Aragão
  • J.G. de Brito
  • L. Castello
  • R.D. Garrett
  • N. Hamada
  • L. Juen
  • R.P. Leitão
  • T.F. Morello
  • N.G. Moura
  • J.L. Nessimian
  • J.M.B. Oliveira-Junior
  • V.C. de Oliveira
  • P.S. Pompeu
  • R.R.C. Solar
  • J. Zuanon
Article numbereaba7580
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2/10/2020
Issue number6512
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)117-121
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Conservation initiatives overwhelmingly focus on terrestrial biodiversity, and little is known about the freshwater cobenefits of terrestrial conservation actions. We sampled more than 1500 terrestrial and freshwater species in the Amazon and simulated conservation for species from both realms. Prioritizations based on terrestrial species yielded on average just 22% of the freshwater benefits achieved through freshwater-focused conservation. However, by using integrated cross-realm planning, freshwater benefits could be increased by up to 600% for a 1% reduction in terrestrial benefits. Where freshwater biodiversity data are unavailable but aquatic connectivity is accounted for, freshwater benefits could still be doubled for negligible losses of terrestrial coverage. Conservation actions are urgently needed to improve the status of freshwater species globally. Our results suggest that such gains can be achieved without compromising terrestrial conservation goals.