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Inter-annual variations of wet deposition in Beijing during 2014-2017: implications of below-cloud scavenging of inorganic aerosols

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Inter-annual variations of wet deposition in Beijing during 2014-2017 : implications of below-cloud scavenging of inorganic aerosols. / Ge, Baozhu; Xu, Danhui; Wild, O.; Yao, X.; Wang, Junhua; Chen, Xuechun; Tan, Qixin; Pan, Xiaole; Wang, Zifa.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , Vol. 21, 21.05.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ge, B, Xu, D, Wild, O, Yao, X, Wang, J, Chen, X, Tan, Q, Pan, X & Wang, Z 2021, 'Inter-annual variations of wet deposition in Beijing during 2014-2017: implications of below-cloud scavenging of inorganic aerosols', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , vol. 21. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-1146

APA

Ge, B., Xu, D., Wild, O., Yao, X., Wang, J., Chen, X., Tan, Q., Pan, X., & Wang, Z. (Accepted/In press). Inter-annual variations of wet deposition in Beijing during 2014-2017: implications of below-cloud scavenging of inorganic aerosols. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , 21. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-1146

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Author

Ge, Baozhu ; Xu, Danhui ; Wild, O. ; Yao, X. ; Wang, Junhua ; Chen, Xuechun ; Tan, Qixin ; Pan, Xiaole ; Wang, Zifa. / Inter-annual variations of wet deposition in Beijing during 2014-2017 : implications of below-cloud scavenging of inorganic aerosols. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2021 ; Vol. 21.

Bibtex

@article{bbe4f20dd1c042858e926b6ad3ab8365,
title = "Inter-annual variations of wet deposition in Beijing during 2014-2017: implications of below-cloud scavenging of inorganic aerosols",
abstract = "Wet scavenging is an efficient pathway for the removal of particulate matter (PM) from the atmosphere. High levels of PM have been a major cause of air pollution in Beijing but have decreased sharply under the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan launched in 2013. In this study, four years of observations of wet deposition have been conducted using a sequential sampling technique to investigate the detailed variation in chemical components through each rainfall event. We find that the major ions, SO42−, Ca2+, NO3− and NH4+, show significant decreases over the 2013–2017 period (decreasing by 39 %, 35 %, 12 % and 25 %, respectively), revealing the impacts of the Action Plan. An improved sequential sampling method is developed and implemented to estimate the contribution of below-cloud and in-cloud wet deposition over the four-year period. Overall, below-cloud scavenging accounts for between half and two thirds of wet deposition of the four major ions, with the highest contribution for NH4+ at 65 % and lowest for SO42- at 50 %. The contribution of below-cloud scavenging for Ca2+, SO42- and NH4+ decreases from above 50 % in 2014 to below 40 % in 2017. This suggests that the Action Plan has mitigated PM pollution in the surface layer and hence decreased scavenging due to the washout process. In contrast, we find little change in the annual volume weighted average concentration for NO3- where the contribution from below-cloud scavenging remains at ~44 % over the period 2015–2017. While highlighting the importance of different wet scavenging processes, this paper presents a unique new perspective on the effects of the Action Plan and clearly identifies oxidized nitrogen species as a major target for future air pollution controls.",
keywords = "Aerosol, wet deposition, Rainfall, PM, scavenging",
author = "Baozhu Ge and Danhui Xu and O. Wild and X. Yao and Junhua Wang and Xuechun Chen and Qixin Tan and Xiaole Pan and Zifa Wang",
year = "2021",
month = may,
day = "21",
doi = "10.5194/acp-2020-1146",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics ",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH (Copernicus Publications) on behalf of the European Geosciences Union (EGU)",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inter-annual variations of wet deposition in Beijing during 2014-2017

T2 - implications of below-cloud scavenging of inorganic aerosols

AU - Ge, Baozhu

AU - Xu, Danhui

AU - Wild, O.

AU - Yao, X.

AU - Wang, Junhua

AU - Chen, Xuechun

AU - Tan, Qixin

AU - Pan, Xiaole

AU - Wang, Zifa

PY - 2021/5/21

Y1 - 2021/5/21

N2 - Wet scavenging is an efficient pathway for the removal of particulate matter (PM) from the atmosphere. High levels of PM have been a major cause of air pollution in Beijing but have decreased sharply under the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan launched in 2013. In this study, four years of observations of wet deposition have been conducted using a sequential sampling technique to investigate the detailed variation in chemical components through each rainfall event. We find that the major ions, SO42−, Ca2+, NO3− and NH4+, show significant decreases over the 2013–2017 period (decreasing by 39 %, 35 %, 12 % and 25 %, respectively), revealing the impacts of the Action Plan. An improved sequential sampling method is developed and implemented to estimate the contribution of below-cloud and in-cloud wet deposition over the four-year period. Overall, below-cloud scavenging accounts for between half and two thirds of wet deposition of the four major ions, with the highest contribution for NH4+ at 65 % and lowest for SO42- at 50 %. The contribution of below-cloud scavenging for Ca2+, SO42- and NH4+ decreases from above 50 % in 2014 to below 40 % in 2017. This suggests that the Action Plan has mitigated PM pollution in the surface layer and hence decreased scavenging due to the washout process. In contrast, we find little change in the annual volume weighted average concentration for NO3- where the contribution from below-cloud scavenging remains at ~44 % over the period 2015–2017. While highlighting the importance of different wet scavenging processes, this paper presents a unique new perspective on the effects of the Action Plan and clearly identifies oxidized nitrogen species as a major target for future air pollution controls.

AB - Wet scavenging is an efficient pathway for the removal of particulate matter (PM) from the atmosphere. High levels of PM have been a major cause of air pollution in Beijing but have decreased sharply under the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan launched in 2013. In this study, four years of observations of wet deposition have been conducted using a sequential sampling technique to investigate the detailed variation in chemical components through each rainfall event. We find that the major ions, SO42−, Ca2+, NO3− and NH4+, show significant decreases over the 2013–2017 period (decreasing by 39 %, 35 %, 12 % and 25 %, respectively), revealing the impacts of the Action Plan. An improved sequential sampling method is developed and implemented to estimate the contribution of below-cloud and in-cloud wet deposition over the four-year period. Overall, below-cloud scavenging accounts for between half and two thirds of wet deposition of the four major ions, with the highest contribution for NH4+ at 65 % and lowest for SO42- at 50 %. The contribution of below-cloud scavenging for Ca2+, SO42- and NH4+ decreases from above 50 % in 2014 to below 40 % in 2017. This suggests that the Action Plan has mitigated PM pollution in the surface layer and hence decreased scavenging due to the washout process. In contrast, we find little change in the annual volume weighted average concentration for NO3- where the contribution from below-cloud scavenging remains at ~44 % over the period 2015–2017. While highlighting the importance of different wet scavenging processes, this paper presents a unique new perspective on the effects of the Action Plan and clearly identifies oxidized nitrogen species as a major target for future air pollution controls.

KW - Aerosol

KW - wet deposition

KW - Rainfall

KW - PM

KW - scavenging

U2 - 10.5194/acp-2020-1146

DO - 10.5194/acp-2020-1146

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

ER -