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Intergroup behaviour in organizations: A field test of social identity theory

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>06/1999
<mark>Journal</mark>Small Group Research
Issue number3
Number of pages22
Pages (from-to)261-382
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This study tests social identity theory and realistic conflict theory by examining intra- and intergroup relations in a team-based community-health care organization. The relationships between people’s patterns of identification (with their work group and with the organization) and their perceptions of intergroup competition for scarce resources are related to in-group favoritism. Questionnaire data gathered from 112 participants, who were members of 17 work groups within the organization, reveal that strong identification with the work group rather than the organization is related to high levels of in-group favoritism, thus supporting the relevance of social identity theory in an organizational setting. In-group identification did not predict between-group discrimination in resource distribution, although such discrimination was demonstrated. We suggest that in applied settings the factors influencing social behavior are more complex than in laboratory studies but that social identity theory has clear practical importance for understanding and influencing the effectiveness of team-based organizations.