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Intestinal schistosomiasis in Uganda at high altitude (>1400 m): malacological and epidemiological surveys on Mount Elgon and in Fort Portal crater lakes reveal extra preventive chemotherapy needs

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Intestinal schistosomiasis in Uganda at high altitude (>1400 m) : malacological and epidemiological surveys on Mount Elgon and in Fort Portal crater lakes reveal extra preventive chemotherapy needs. / Stanton, Michelle C; Adriko, Moses; Arinaitwe, Moses et al.

In: Infectious diseases of poverty, Vol. 6, No. 1, 06.02.2017, p. 34.

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Harvard

Stanton, MC, Adriko, M, Arinaitwe, M, Howell, A, Davies, J, Allison, G, LaCourse, EJ, Muheki, E, Kabatereine, NB & Stothard, JR 2017, 'Intestinal schistosomiasis in Uganda at high altitude (>1400 m): malacological and epidemiological surveys on Mount Elgon and in Fort Portal crater lakes reveal extra preventive chemotherapy needs', Infectious diseases of poverty, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-017-0248-8

APA

Stanton, M. C., Adriko, M., Arinaitwe, M., Howell, A., Davies, J., Allison, G., LaCourse, E. J., Muheki, E., Kabatereine, N. B., & Stothard, J. R. (2017). Intestinal schistosomiasis in Uganda at high altitude (>1400 m): malacological and epidemiological surveys on Mount Elgon and in Fort Portal crater lakes reveal extra preventive chemotherapy needs. Infectious diseases of poverty, 6(1), 34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-017-0248-8

Vancouver

Stanton MC, Adriko M, Arinaitwe M, Howell A, Davies J, Allison G et al. Intestinal schistosomiasis in Uganda at high altitude (>1400 m): malacological and epidemiological surveys on Mount Elgon and in Fort Portal crater lakes reveal extra preventive chemotherapy needs. Infectious diseases of poverty. 2017 Feb 6;6(1):34. doi: 10.1186/s40249-017-0248-8

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Bibtex

@article{e59daa0a61384376a9c86e9753a91761,
title = "Intestinal schistosomiasis in Uganda at high altitude (>1400 m): malacological and epidemiological surveys on Mount Elgon and in Fort Portal crater lakes reveal extra preventive chemotherapy needs",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Intestinal schistosomiasis is of public health importance in Uganda but communities living above 1400 m are not targeted for control as natural transmission is thought unlikely. To assess altitudinal boundaries and at-risk populations, conjoint malacological and epidemiological surveys were undertaken on Mount Elgon (1139 m-3937 m), in Fort Portal crater lakes and in the Rwenzori Mountains (1123 m-4050 m).METHODS: Seventy freshwater habitats [Mount Elgon (37), Fort Portal crater lakes (23), Rwenzori Mountains (8) and Lake Albert (2)] were inspected for Biomphalaria species. Water temperature, pH and conductivity were recorded. A parasitological examination of 756 schoolchildren [Mount Elgon (300), Fort Portal crater lakes (456)] by faecal microscopy of duplicate Kato-Katz smears from two consecutive stool samples was bolstered by antigen (urine-CCA dipstick) and antibody (SEA-ELISA) diagnostic assays.RESULTS: Biomphalaria spp. was found up to 1951 m on Mount Elgon and 1567 m in the Fort Portal crater lakes. Although no snail from Mount Elgon shed cercariae, molecular analysis judged 7.1% of snails sampled at altitudes above 1400 m as having DNA of Schistosoma mansoni; in Fort Portal crater lakes three snails shed schistosome cercariae. Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis as measured in schoolchildren by Kato-Katz (Mount Elgon = 5.3% v. Fort Portal crater lakes = 10.7%), CCA urine-dipsticks (18.3% v. 34.4%) and SEA-ELISA (42.3% v. 63.7%) showed negative associations with increasing altitude with some evidence of infection up to 2000 m.CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to expectations, these surveys clearly show that natural transmission of intestinal schistosomiasis occurs above 1400 m, possibly extending up to 2000 m. Using spatial epidemiological predictions, this now places some extra six million people at-risk, denoting an expansion of preventive chemotherapy needs in Uganda.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Altitude, Animals, Anthelmintics, Child, Geographic Information Systems, Humans, Lakes, Praziquantel, Prevalence, Preventive Medicine, Risk Factors, Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosomiasis mansoni, Snails, Uganda, Journal Article",
author = "Stanton, {Michelle C} and Moses Adriko and Moses Arinaitwe and Alison Howell and Juliet Davies and Gillian Allison and LaCourse, {E James} and Edridah Muheki and Kabatereine, {Narcis B} and Stothard, {J Russell}",
year = "2017",
month = feb,
day = "6",
doi = "10.1186/s40249-017-0248-8",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "34",
journal = "Infectious diseases of poverty",
issn = "2049-9957",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intestinal schistosomiasis in Uganda at high altitude (>1400 m)

T2 - malacological and epidemiological surveys on Mount Elgon and in Fort Portal crater lakes reveal extra preventive chemotherapy needs

AU - Stanton, Michelle C

AU - Adriko, Moses

AU - Arinaitwe, Moses

AU - Howell, Alison

AU - Davies, Juliet

AU - Allison, Gillian

AU - LaCourse, E James

AU - Muheki, Edridah

AU - Kabatereine, Narcis B

AU - Stothard, J Russell

PY - 2017/2/6

Y1 - 2017/2/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: Intestinal schistosomiasis is of public health importance in Uganda but communities living above 1400 m are not targeted for control as natural transmission is thought unlikely. To assess altitudinal boundaries and at-risk populations, conjoint malacological and epidemiological surveys were undertaken on Mount Elgon (1139 m-3937 m), in Fort Portal crater lakes and in the Rwenzori Mountains (1123 m-4050 m).METHODS: Seventy freshwater habitats [Mount Elgon (37), Fort Portal crater lakes (23), Rwenzori Mountains (8) and Lake Albert (2)] were inspected for Biomphalaria species. Water temperature, pH and conductivity were recorded. A parasitological examination of 756 schoolchildren [Mount Elgon (300), Fort Portal crater lakes (456)] by faecal microscopy of duplicate Kato-Katz smears from two consecutive stool samples was bolstered by antigen (urine-CCA dipstick) and antibody (SEA-ELISA) diagnostic assays.RESULTS: Biomphalaria spp. was found up to 1951 m on Mount Elgon and 1567 m in the Fort Portal crater lakes. Although no snail from Mount Elgon shed cercariae, molecular analysis judged 7.1% of snails sampled at altitudes above 1400 m as having DNA of Schistosoma mansoni; in Fort Portal crater lakes three snails shed schistosome cercariae. Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis as measured in schoolchildren by Kato-Katz (Mount Elgon = 5.3% v. Fort Portal crater lakes = 10.7%), CCA urine-dipsticks (18.3% v. 34.4%) and SEA-ELISA (42.3% v. 63.7%) showed negative associations with increasing altitude with some evidence of infection up to 2000 m.CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to expectations, these surveys clearly show that natural transmission of intestinal schistosomiasis occurs above 1400 m, possibly extending up to 2000 m. Using spatial epidemiological predictions, this now places some extra six million people at-risk, denoting an expansion of preventive chemotherapy needs in Uganda.

AB - BACKGROUND: Intestinal schistosomiasis is of public health importance in Uganda but communities living above 1400 m are not targeted for control as natural transmission is thought unlikely. To assess altitudinal boundaries and at-risk populations, conjoint malacological and epidemiological surveys were undertaken on Mount Elgon (1139 m-3937 m), in Fort Portal crater lakes and in the Rwenzori Mountains (1123 m-4050 m).METHODS: Seventy freshwater habitats [Mount Elgon (37), Fort Portal crater lakes (23), Rwenzori Mountains (8) and Lake Albert (2)] were inspected for Biomphalaria species. Water temperature, pH and conductivity were recorded. A parasitological examination of 756 schoolchildren [Mount Elgon (300), Fort Portal crater lakes (456)] by faecal microscopy of duplicate Kato-Katz smears from two consecutive stool samples was bolstered by antigen (urine-CCA dipstick) and antibody (SEA-ELISA) diagnostic assays.RESULTS: Biomphalaria spp. was found up to 1951 m on Mount Elgon and 1567 m in the Fort Portal crater lakes. Although no snail from Mount Elgon shed cercariae, molecular analysis judged 7.1% of snails sampled at altitudes above 1400 m as having DNA of Schistosoma mansoni; in Fort Portal crater lakes three snails shed schistosome cercariae. Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis as measured in schoolchildren by Kato-Katz (Mount Elgon = 5.3% v. Fort Portal crater lakes = 10.7%), CCA urine-dipsticks (18.3% v. 34.4%) and SEA-ELISA (42.3% v. 63.7%) showed negative associations with increasing altitude with some evidence of infection up to 2000 m.CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to expectations, these surveys clearly show that natural transmission of intestinal schistosomiasis occurs above 1400 m, possibly extending up to 2000 m. Using spatial epidemiological predictions, this now places some extra six million people at-risk, denoting an expansion of preventive chemotherapy needs in Uganda.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Altitude

KW - Animals

KW - Anthelmintics

KW - Child

KW - Geographic Information Systems

KW - Humans

KW - Lakes

KW - Praziquantel

KW - Prevalence

KW - Preventive Medicine

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Schistosoma mansoni

KW - Schistosomiasis mansoni

KW - Snails

KW - Uganda

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1186/s40249-017-0248-8

DO - 10.1186/s40249-017-0248-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28162096

VL - 6

SP - 34

JO - Infectious diseases of poverty

JF - Infectious diseases of poverty

SN - 2049-9957

IS - 1

ER -