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Introduction to the SAMPLES approach

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  • Todd S. Rosenstock
  • Björn Ole Sander
  • Klaus Butterbach-Bahl
  • Mariana C. Rufino
  • Jonathan Hickman
  • Clare Stirling
  • Meryl Richards
  • Eva Wollenberg
Publication date1/01/2016
Host publicationMethods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9783319297941
ISBN (Print)9783319297927
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This chapter explains the rationale for greenhouse gas emission estimation in tropical developing countries and why guidelines for smallholder farming systems are needed. It briefly highlights the innovations of the SAMPLES approach and explains how these advances fill a critical gap in the available quantification guidelines. The chapter concludes by describing how to use the guidelines.