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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Dunn, K. and Bremner, J. G. (2017), Investigating looking and social looking measures as an index of infant violation of expectation. Dev Sci, 20: n/a, e12452. doi:10.1111/desc.12452 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/desc.12452/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Investigating looking and social looking measures as an index of infant violation of expectation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
Article numbere12452
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/11/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Developmental Science
Issue number6
Volume20
Number of pages6
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date26/10/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Accumulated looking time has been widely used to index violation of expectation (VoE) response in young infants. But there is controversy concerning the validity of this measure, with some interpreting infant looking behaviour in terms of perceptual preferences (Cohen & Marks, 2002; Haith, 1998). The current study aimed to compare the use of looking time with a recently used measure of social looking (Walden et al., 2007) in distinguishing between 6-month-old infants’ response to novelty/familiarity and a condition in which the object was illegitimately switched for a different object. Following habituation, infants showed more social looking in response to the object-switch condition that the novel object change whereas the more commonly-used accumulated looking time measure did not distinguish between the two, showing an increase for both. Thus, social looking is a more valid measure of infant VoE than looking time.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Dunn, K. and Bremner, J. G. (2017), Investigating looking and social looking measures as an index of infant violation of expectation. Dev Sci, 20: n/a, e12452. doi:10.1111/desc.12452 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/desc.12452/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.