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Investigation into the Importance of the Stomatal Pathway in the Exchange of PCBs between Air and Plants.

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Investigation into the Importance of the Stomatal Pathway in the Exchange of PCBs between Air and Plants. / Barber, Jonathan L.; Kurt, P. B.; Thomas, Gareth O.; Kerstiens, Gerhard; Jones, Kevin C.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 36, No. 20, 2002, p. 4282-4287.

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Barber, Jonathan L. ; Kurt, P. B. ; Thomas, Gareth O. ; Kerstiens, Gerhard ; Jones, Kevin C. / Investigation into the Importance of the Stomatal Pathway in the Exchange of PCBs between Air and Plants. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2002 ; Vol. 36, No. 20. pp. 4282-4287.

Bibtex

@article{9a618a74c14d47829f2ba69eccc59e21,
title = "Investigation into the Importance of the Stomatal Pathway in the Exchange of PCBs between Air and Plants.",
abstract = "The transfer of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from air to vegetation is an important air-surface exchange process that affects global cycling and can result in human and wildlife exposure via the terrestrial food chain. To improve understanding of this process, the role of stomata in uptake of gas-phase polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was investigated using Hemerocallis x hybrida {"}Black Eyed Stella{"}, a plant with a high stomatal density. Uptake of PCBs was monitored over a 72-h period in the presence and absence of light. Uptake rates were significantly greater in illuminated (stomata open) plants than unilluminated (stomata closed) plants for 18 of the 28 measured PCB congeners (p < 0.05). Depuration of PCBs was monitored in a subsequent experiment over a period of 3 weeks. Levels after 3 weeks of depuration time were still much higher than the concentration prior to contamination. Tri- and tetrachlorinated PCBs showed the greatest depuration, with less than 20% and 50% of accumulated PCBs respectively remaining, while ~70% of higher chlorinated PCB congeners remained in the plants at the end of the experiment. Treatments with/without light (to control stomatal opening during uptake) and with/without abscisic acid (ABA) application (to control stomatal opening during depuration) were compared. After contamination indoors for 3 days, there was a significantly higher concentration of PCBs (p < 0.05) in the light contaminated plants than the dark-contaminated plants for 13 of the 28 measured PCB congeners. The ABA treatment affected depuration of PCB-18 only. {"}Light/ABA-treated{"} plants had a significantly slower depuration rate for PCB-18 than {"}light/untreated{"}, {"}dark/ABA-treated{"}, and {"}dark/untreated{"} plants (p < 0.05). The results of the study indicate that there is a stomatal effect on the rate of exchange of PCBs between Hemerocallis leaves and air.",
keywords = "POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS, ORGANIC-CHEMICALS, PASTURE TRANSFER, ABSCISIC-ACID, PICEA-ABIES, MODEL, PERMEABILITY, DEPOSITION, VALIDATION, TRANSPORT",
author = "Barber, {Jonathan L.} and Kurt, {P. B.} and Thomas, {Gareth O.} and Gerhard Kerstiens and Jones, {Kevin C.}",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1021/es025623m",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "4282--4287",
journal = "Environmental Science and Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "20",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation into the Importance of the Stomatal Pathway in the Exchange of PCBs between Air and Plants.

AU - Barber, Jonathan L.

AU - Kurt, P. B.

AU - Thomas, Gareth O.

AU - Kerstiens, Gerhard

AU - Jones, Kevin C.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - The transfer of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from air to vegetation is an important air-surface exchange process that affects global cycling and can result in human and wildlife exposure via the terrestrial food chain. To improve understanding of this process, the role of stomata in uptake of gas-phase polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was investigated using Hemerocallis x hybrida "Black Eyed Stella", a plant with a high stomatal density. Uptake of PCBs was monitored over a 72-h period in the presence and absence of light. Uptake rates were significantly greater in illuminated (stomata open) plants than unilluminated (stomata closed) plants for 18 of the 28 measured PCB congeners (p < 0.05). Depuration of PCBs was monitored in a subsequent experiment over a period of 3 weeks. Levels after 3 weeks of depuration time were still much higher than the concentration prior to contamination. Tri- and tetrachlorinated PCBs showed the greatest depuration, with less than 20% and 50% of accumulated PCBs respectively remaining, while ~70% of higher chlorinated PCB congeners remained in the plants at the end of the experiment. Treatments with/without light (to control stomatal opening during uptake) and with/without abscisic acid (ABA) application (to control stomatal opening during depuration) were compared. After contamination indoors for 3 days, there was a significantly higher concentration of PCBs (p < 0.05) in the light contaminated plants than the dark-contaminated plants for 13 of the 28 measured PCB congeners. The ABA treatment affected depuration of PCB-18 only. "Light/ABA-treated" plants had a significantly slower depuration rate for PCB-18 than "light/untreated", "dark/ABA-treated", and "dark/untreated" plants (p < 0.05). The results of the study indicate that there is a stomatal effect on the rate of exchange of PCBs between Hemerocallis leaves and air.

AB - The transfer of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from air to vegetation is an important air-surface exchange process that affects global cycling and can result in human and wildlife exposure via the terrestrial food chain. To improve understanding of this process, the role of stomata in uptake of gas-phase polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was investigated using Hemerocallis x hybrida "Black Eyed Stella", a plant with a high stomatal density. Uptake of PCBs was monitored over a 72-h period in the presence and absence of light. Uptake rates were significantly greater in illuminated (stomata open) plants than unilluminated (stomata closed) plants for 18 of the 28 measured PCB congeners (p < 0.05). Depuration of PCBs was monitored in a subsequent experiment over a period of 3 weeks. Levels after 3 weeks of depuration time were still much higher than the concentration prior to contamination. Tri- and tetrachlorinated PCBs showed the greatest depuration, with less than 20% and 50% of accumulated PCBs respectively remaining, while ~70% of higher chlorinated PCB congeners remained in the plants at the end of the experiment. Treatments with/without light (to control stomatal opening during uptake) and with/without abscisic acid (ABA) application (to control stomatal opening during depuration) were compared. After contamination indoors for 3 days, there was a significantly higher concentration of PCBs (p < 0.05) in the light contaminated plants than the dark-contaminated plants for 13 of the 28 measured PCB congeners. The ABA treatment affected depuration of PCB-18 only. "Light/ABA-treated" plants had a significantly slower depuration rate for PCB-18 than "light/untreated", "dark/ABA-treated", and "dark/untreated" plants (p < 0.05). The results of the study indicate that there is a stomatal effect on the rate of exchange of PCBs between Hemerocallis leaves and air.

KW - POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS

KW - ORGANIC-CHEMICALS

KW - PASTURE TRANSFER

KW - ABSCISIC-ACID

KW - PICEA-ABIES

KW - MODEL

KW - PERMEABILITY

KW - DEPOSITION

KW - VALIDATION

KW - TRANSPORT

U2 - 10.1021/es025623m

DO - 10.1021/es025623m

M3 - Journal article

VL - 36

SP - 4282

EP - 4287

JO - Environmental Science and Technology

JF - Environmental Science and Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 20

ER -