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Iraq’s October Revolution: Between Structures of Patriarchy and Emotion

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Publication date29/04/2023
Host publicationThe Palgrave Handbook of Gender, Media and Communication in the Middle East and North Africa
EditorsL. H. Skalli, N. Eltantawy
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages19
ISBN (electronic)9783031119804
ISBN (print)9783031119798
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Iraq’s Tishreen [October] Movement emerged in 2019 as a culmination of years of grassroots mobilization. To offer a comprehensive understanding of power relations and gender dynamics in Iraq, this chapter takes a structuralist approach to examine the intersection between women's and men’s struggle against institutionalized patriarchy. The first section borrows from bell hooks' feminist theory to examine traditional and NGOized patriarchal structures in Iraq. The second section examines Theodore Kemper’s structural theory of emotions. The third section examines how protestors have expressed themselves in cyberspace and physical public spaces, and what their emotional expressions tell us about gender dynamics in the movement. This chapter helps us understand how collective expression and emotion around the October Revolution have motivated further mobilization for gender rights.