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Labels constructively shape object categories in 10-month-old infants

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Labels constructively shape object categories in 10-month-old infants. / Althaus, Nadja; Westermann, Gert.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 151, 11.2016, p. 5-17.

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Althaus, Nadja ; Westermann, Gert. / Labels constructively shape object categories in 10-month-old infants. In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 151. pp. 5-17.

Bibtex

@article{a64ea6e5a701462ebcf3e68c425d5e4e,
title = "Labels constructively shape object categories in 10-month-old infants",
abstract = "How do infants{\textquoteright} emerging language abilities impact on their organization of objects into categories? The question of whether labels can shape the early perceptual categories formed by young infants has received considerable attention, but evidence has remained inconclusive. Here, ten-month-old infants (N=80) were familiarized with a series of morphed stimuli along a continuum that can be seen as either one category or two. Infants formed one category when the stimuli were presented in silence or paired with the same label, but they divided the stimulus set into two categories when half of the stimuli were paired with one label and half with another. Pairing the stimuli with two different non-linguistic sounds did not lead to the same result. In this case infants showed evidence for the formation of a single category, indicating that non-linguistic sounds do not cause infants to divide a category. These results suggest that labels and visual perceptual information interact in category formation, with labels having the potential to constructively shape category structures already in preverbal infants, and that non-linguistic sounds do not have the same effect. ",
keywords = "Categorization, Infancy, Eye-tracking, Cognitive development, Language acquisition, Language and cognition",
author = "Nadja Althaus and Gert Westermann",
note = "Open Access funded by Economic and Social Research Council Under a Creative Commons license ",
year = "2016",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.jecp.2015.11.013",
language = "English",
volume = "151",
pages = "5--17",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Child Psychology",
issn = "0022-0965",
publisher = "ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Labels constructively shape object categories in 10-month-old infants

AU - Althaus, Nadja

AU - Westermann, Gert

N1 - Open Access funded by Economic and Social Research Council Under a Creative Commons license

PY - 2016/11

Y1 - 2016/11

N2 - How do infants’ emerging language abilities impact on their organization of objects into categories? The question of whether labels can shape the early perceptual categories formed by young infants has received considerable attention, but evidence has remained inconclusive. Here, ten-month-old infants (N=80) were familiarized with a series of morphed stimuli along a continuum that can be seen as either one category or two. Infants formed one category when the stimuli were presented in silence or paired with the same label, but they divided the stimulus set into two categories when half of the stimuli were paired with one label and half with another. Pairing the stimuli with two different non-linguistic sounds did not lead to the same result. In this case infants showed evidence for the formation of a single category, indicating that non-linguistic sounds do not cause infants to divide a category. These results suggest that labels and visual perceptual information interact in category formation, with labels having the potential to constructively shape category structures already in preverbal infants, and that non-linguistic sounds do not have the same effect.

AB - How do infants’ emerging language abilities impact on their organization of objects into categories? The question of whether labels can shape the early perceptual categories formed by young infants has received considerable attention, but evidence has remained inconclusive. Here, ten-month-old infants (N=80) were familiarized with a series of morphed stimuli along a continuum that can be seen as either one category or two. Infants formed one category when the stimuli were presented in silence or paired with the same label, but they divided the stimulus set into two categories when half of the stimuli were paired with one label and half with another. Pairing the stimuli with two different non-linguistic sounds did not lead to the same result. In this case infants showed evidence for the formation of a single category, indicating that non-linguistic sounds do not cause infants to divide a category. These results suggest that labels and visual perceptual information interact in category formation, with labels having the potential to constructively shape category structures already in preverbal infants, and that non-linguistic sounds do not have the same effect.

KW - Categorization

KW - Infancy

KW - Eye-tracking

KW - Cognitive development

KW - Language acquisition

KW - Language and cognition

U2 - 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.11.013

DO - 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.11.013

M3 - Journal article

VL - 151

SP - 5

EP - 17

JO - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

SN - 0022-0965

ER -