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  • Laser additive manufacturing and post-heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of 9Cr steel

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 198, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2022.104681

    Accepted author manuscript, 13.3 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 30/04/23

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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Laser additive manufacturing and post-heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of 9Cr steel

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
  • Junyi Feng
  • Peilei Zhang
  • Zhiyuan Jia
  • Zhishui Yu
  • Chao Fang
  • Hua Yan
  • Haichuan Shi
  • Yingtao Tian
  • Fan Xie
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Article number104681
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/08/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Volume198
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date30/04/22
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

9Cr steel is a material that has been widely used in pressure vessel parts in thermal power plants and nuclear power plants, and has good high-temperature creep properties. Laser Melting Deposition (LMD) is a promising method for preparing complex 9Cr steel components. It provides a rare opportunity to improve existing designs and produce fine features and complex geometries with higher efficiency. The LMD-9Cr steel sample has high density, the maximum tensile strength of the sample is 1057.75 MPa, which is much higher than the standard cast 9Cr steel of 650 MPa. We use 760 °C tempering heat treatment, after heat treatment, the average grain size of the material is reduced, the Charpy impact performance is improved, and the tensile strength and microhardness are slightly reduced. Although the tempering heat treatment greatly reduces the average grain size of the sample by 35.59%, but at the same time the tempering heat treatment greatly reduces the high dislocation density of lath martensite, and the supersaturation behavior of Cr, W and C elements weakens the effect of solid solution strengthening. In addition, through the nanoindentation test, we found that although the M23C6 precipitated phase can harden the material, at the micro level, the elastic modulus and nano-hardness of the precipitated phase are lower than that of the homogeneous phase.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 198, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2022.104681