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Laser powder bed fusion of precipitation-hardened martensitic stainless steels: a review

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • L. Zai
  • C. Zhang
  • Y. Wang
  • W. Guo
  • D. Wellmann
  • X. Tong
  • Y. Tian
Article number255
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>14/02/2020
Issue number2
Number of pages25
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Martensitic stainless steels are widely used in industries due to their high strength and good corrosion resistance performance. Precipitation-hardened (PH) martensitic stainless steels feature very high strength compared with other stainless steels, around 3-4 times the strength of austenitic stainless steels such as 304 and 316. However, the poor workability due to the high strength and hardness induced by precipitation hardening limits the extensive utilization of PH stainless steels as structural components of complex shapes. Laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) is an attractive additive manufacturing technology, which not only exhibits the advantages of producing complex and precise parts with a short lead time, but also avoids or reduces the subsequent machining process. In this review, the microstructures of martensitic stainless steels in the as-built state, as well as the effects of process parameters, building atmosphere, and heat treatments on the microstructures, are reviewed. Then, the characteristics of defects in the as-built state and the causes are specifically analyzed. Afterward, the effect of process parameters and heat treatment conditions on mechanical properties are summarized and reviewed. Finally, the remaining issues and suggestions on future research on L-PBF of martensitic precipitation-hardened stainless steels are put forward.