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Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease

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Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease. / Gibson, Lorna M.; Hanby, Martha F.; Al-Bachari, Sarah M.; Parkes, Laura M.; Allan, Stuart M.; Emsley, Hedley C. A.

In: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Vol. 34, No. 4, 01.04.2014, p. 564-570.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Harvard

Gibson, LM, Hanby, MF, Al-Bachari, SM, Parkes, LM, Allan, SM & Emsley, HCA 2014, 'Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease', Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 564-570. https://doi.org/10.1038/jcbfm.2014.25

APA

Gibson, L. M., Hanby, M. F., Al-Bachari, S. M., Parkes, L. M., Allan, S. M., & Emsley, H. C. A. (2014). Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 34(4), 564-570. https://doi.org/10.1038/jcbfm.2014.25

Vancouver

Gibson LM, Hanby MF, Al-Bachari SM, Parkes LM, Allan SM, Emsley HCA. Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 2014 Apr 1;34(4):564-570. https://doi.org/10.1038/jcbfm.2014.25

Author

Gibson, Lorna M. ; Hanby, Martha F. ; Al-Bachari, Sarah M. ; Parkes, Laura M. ; Allan, Stuart M. ; Emsley, Hedley C. A. / Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease. In: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 2014 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 564-570.

Bibtex

@article{21863b03f53740198fa004a5ca824618,
title = "Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease",
abstract = "The interface between cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and epilepsy is complex and multifaceted. Late-onset epilepsy (LOE) is increasingly common and is often attributed to CVD, and is indeed associated with an increased risk of stroke. This relationship is easily recognizable where there is a history of stroke, particularly involving the cerebral cortex. However, the relationship with otherwise occult, subcortical CVD is currently less well established yet causality is often invoked. In this review, we consider the diagnosis of LOE in clinical practice - including its behaviour as a potential mimic of acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack; evidence for an association between occult CVD and LOE; and potential mechanisms of epileptogenesis in occult CVD, including potential interrelationships between disordered cerebral metabolism and perfusion, disrupted neurovascular unit integrity, blood-brain barrier dysfunction, and inflammation. We also discuss recently recognized issues concerning antiepileptic drug treatment and vascular risk and consider a variety of less common CVD entities associated with seizures.",
keywords = "Antiepileptic drugs, Epileptogenesis, Inflammation, Late-onset epilepsy, Occult cerebrovascular disease",
author = "Gibson, {Lorna M.} and Hanby, {Martha F.} and Al-Bachari, {Sarah M.} and Parkes, {Laura M.} and Allan, {Stuart M.} and Emsley, {Hedley C. A.}",
year = "2014",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/jcbfm.2014.25",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "564--570",
journal = "Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism",
issn = "0271-678X",
publisher = "Sage",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Late-onset epilepsy and occult cerebrovascular disease

AU - Gibson, Lorna M.

AU - Hanby, Martha F.

AU - Al-Bachari, Sarah M.

AU - Parkes, Laura M.

AU - Allan, Stuart M.

AU - Emsley, Hedley C. A.

PY - 2014/4/1

Y1 - 2014/4/1

N2 - The interface between cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and epilepsy is complex and multifaceted. Late-onset epilepsy (LOE) is increasingly common and is often attributed to CVD, and is indeed associated with an increased risk of stroke. This relationship is easily recognizable where there is a history of stroke, particularly involving the cerebral cortex. However, the relationship with otherwise occult, subcortical CVD is currently less well established yet causality is often invoked. In this review, we consider the diagnosis of LOE in clinical practice - including its behaviour as a potential mimic of acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack; evidence for an association between occult CVD and LOE; and potential mechanisms of epileptogenesis in occult CVD, including potential interrelationships between disordered cerebral metabolism and perfusion, disrupted neurovascular unit integrity, blood-brain barrier dysfunction, and inflammation. We also discuss recently recognized issues concerning antiepileptic drug treatment and vascular risk and consider a variety of less common CVD entities associated with seizures.

AB - The interface between cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and epilepsy is complex and multifaceted. Late-onset epilepsy (LOE) is increasingly common and is often attributed to CVD, and is indeed associated with an increased risk of stroke. This relationship is easily recognizable where there is a history of stroke, particularly involving the cerebral cortex. However, the relationship with otherwise occult, subcortical CVD is currently less well established yet causality is often invoked. In this review, we consider the diagnosis of LOE in clinical practice - including its behaviour as a potential mimic of acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack; evidence for an association between occult CVD and LOE; and potential mechanisms of epileptogenesis in occult CVD, including potential interrelationships between disordered cerebral metabolism and perfusion, disrupted neurovascular unit integrity, blood-brain barrier dysfunction, and inflammation. We also discuss recently recognized issues concerning antiepileptic drug treatment and vascular risk and consider a variety of less common CVD entities associated with seizures.

KW - Antiepileptic drugs

KW - Epileptogenesis

KW - Inflammation

KW - Late-onset epilepsy

KW - Occult cerebrovascular disease

U2 - 10.1038/jcbfm.2014.25

DO - 10.1038/jcbfm.2014.25

M3 - Review article

C2 - 24517978

AN - SCOPUS:84897576320

VL - 34

SP - 564

EP - 570

JO - Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

JF - Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

SN - 0271-678X

IS - 4

ER -