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Legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) in the freshwater ecosystem: a review

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Legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) in the freshwater ecosystem : a review. / Iqbal, Mehreen; Syed, Jabir Hussain; Katsogiannis, Athanasios et al.

In: Environmental Research, Vol. 152, 01.01.2017, p. 26-42.

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Iqbal M, Syed JH, Katsogiannis A, Malik RN, Farooqi A, Butt A et al. Legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) in the freshwater ecosystem: a review. Environmental Research. 2017 Jan 1;152:26-42. Epub 2016 Oct 12. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.09.024

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Iqbal, Mehreen ; Syed, Jabir Hussain ; Katsogiannis, Athanasios et al. / Legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) in the freshwater ecosystem : a review. In: Environmental Research. 2017 ; Vol. 152. pp. 26-42.

Bibtex

@article{02672df27345454585c23e693debf8a1,
title = "Legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) in the freshwater ecosystem: a review",
abstract = "In this review article, we have compiled and reviewed the previously published available literature on environmental distribution, behaviour, fate and regional trends of legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) including brominated (BFRs), organo-phosphate (OPFRs), novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and dechlorane plus (DP) in the freshwater ecosystem. Transport and fate is discussed briefly with the evidences of de-bromination, sedimentation and accumulation in biota. De-bromination of BDE-209 is considered of concern because the lower brominated congeners are more toxic and mobile thus posing increased risk to the freshwater ecosystem. The available data on temporal and spatial trends as yet, is too few to show any consistent trends, enabling only general conclusions to be drawn. There is a lack of temporal studies in Asia, while, overall the trends are mixed, with both increasing and decreasing concentrations of BFRs and OPFRs. OPFRs and NBFRs have replaced classical BFRs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)) in some countries but the amount of PBDEs in the environment is still considerable. Knowledge gaps and recommendations for future research are discussed emphasizing on further monitoring, advanced analytical methodologies, and risk assessment studies to completely understand the science of flame retardants in the freshwater ecosystem.",
keywords = "Flame retardants, Fresh water ecosystem, Sediment, Biota, Regional trends, Transport and fate",
author = "Mehreen Iqbal and Syed, {Jabir Hussain} and Athanasios Katsogiannis and Malik, {Riffat Naseem} and Abida Farooqi and Ayesha Butt and Jun Li and Gan Zhang and Alessandra Cincinelli and Jones, {Kevin Christopher}",
year = "2017",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envres.2016.09.024",
language = "English",
volume = "152",
pages = "26--42",
journal = "Environmental Research",
issn = "0013-9351",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) in the freshwater ecosystem

T2 - a review

AU - Iqbal, Mehreen

AU - Syed, Jabir Hussain

AU - Katsogiannis, Athanasios

AU - Malik, Riffat Naseem

AU - Farooqi, Abida

AU - Butt, Ayesha

AU - Li, Jun

AU - Zhang, Gan

AU - Cincinelli, Alessandra

AU - Jones, Kevin Christopher

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - In this review article, we have compiled and reviewed the previously published available literature on environmental distribution, behaviour, fate and regional trends of legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) including brominated (BFRs), organo-phosphate (OPFRs), novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and dechlorane plus (DP) in the freshwater ecosystem. Transport and fate is discussed briefly with the evidences of de-bromination, sedimentation and accumulation in biota. De-bromination of BDE-209 is considered of concern because the lower brominated congeners are more toxic and mobile thus posing increased risk to the freshwater ecosystem. The available data on temporal and spatial trends as yet, is too few to show any consistent trends, enabling only general conclusions to be drawn. There is a lack of temporal studies in Asia, while, overall the trends are mixed, with both increasing and decreasing concentrations of BFRs and OPFRs. OPFRs and NBFRs have replaced classical BFRs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)) in some countries but the amount of PBDEs in the environment is still considerable. Knowledge gaps and recommendations for future research are discussed emphasizing on further monitoring, advanced analytical methodologies, and risk assessment studies to completely understand the science of flame retardants in the freshwater ecosystem.

AB - In this review article, we have compiled and reviewed the previously published available literature on environmental distribution, behaviour, fate and regional trends of legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs) including brominated (BFRs), organo-phosphate (OPFRs), novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and dechlorane plus (DP) in the freshwater ecosystem. Transport and fate is discussed briefly with the evidences of de-bromination, sedimentation and accumulation in biota. De-bromination of BDE-209 is considered of concern because the lower brominated congeners are more toxic and mobile thus posing increased risk to the freshwater ecosystem. The available data on temporal and spatial trends as yet, is too few to show any consistent trends, enabling only general conclusions to be drawn. There is a lack of temporal studies in Asia, while, overall the trends are mixed, with both increasing and decreasing concentrations of BFRs and OPFRs. OPFRs and NBFRs have replaced classical BFRs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)) in some countries but the amount of PBDEs in the environment is still considerable. Knowledge gaps and recommendations for future research are discussed emphasizing on further monitoring, advanced analytical methodologies, and risk assessment studies to completely understand the science of flame retardants in the freshwater ecosystem.

KW - Flame retardants

KW - Fresh water ecosystem

KW - Sediment

KW - Biota

KW - Regional trends

KW - Transport and fate

U2 - 10.1016/j.envres.2016.09.024

DO - 10.1016/j.envres.2016.09.024

M3 - Journal article

VL - 152

SP - 26

EP - 42

JO - Environmental Research

JF - Environmental Research

SN - 0013-9351

ER -