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Lexical and semantic age-of-acquisition effects on word naming in Spanish

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Lexical and semantic age-of-acquisition effects on word naming in Spanish. / Davies, Robert; Barbón, Analia; Cuetos, Fernando.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 41, No. 2, 02.2013, p. 297-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Davies, R, Barbón, A & Cuetos, F 2013, 'Lexical and semantic age-of-acquisition effects on word naming in Spanish', Memory and Cognition, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 297-311. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-012-0263-8

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Author

Davies, Robert ; Barbón, Analia ; Cuetos, Fernando. / Lexical and semantic age-of-acquisition effects on word naming in Spanish. In: Memory and Cognition. 2013 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 297-311.

Bibtex

@article{1dfa9e2bf96546bcbf831614dabc1bf5,
title = "Lexical and semantic age-of-acquisition effects on word naming in Spanish",
abstract = "We report a study of the factors that affect reading in Spanish, a language with a transparent orthography. Our focus was on the influence of lexical semantic knowledge in phonological coding. This effect would be predicted to be minimal in Spanish, according to some accounts of semantic effects in reading. We asked 25 healthy adults to name 2,764 mono- and multisyllabic words. As is typical for psycholinguistics, variables capturing critical word attributes were highly intercorrelated. Therefore, we used principal components analysis (PCA) to derive orthogonalized predictors from raw variables. The PCA distinguished components relating to (1) word frequency, age of acquisition (AoA), and familiarity; (2) word AoA, imageability, and familiarity; (3) word length and orthographic neighborhood size; and (4) bigram type and token frequency. Linear mixed-effects analyses indicated significant effects on reading due to each PCA component. Our observations confirm that oral reading in Spanish proceeds through spelling-sound mappings involving lexical and sublexical units. Importantly, our observations distinguish between the effect of lexical frequency (the impact of the component relating to frequency, AoA, and familiarity) and the effect of semantic knowledge (the impact of the component relating to AoA, imageability, and familiarity). Semantic knowledge influences word naming even when all the words being read have regular spelling-sound mappings.",
keywords = "Spanish, Reading, Naming, Age of acquisition, Orthographic transparency, Curvilinear",
author = "Robert Davies and Analia Barb{\'o}n and Fernando Cuetos",
year = "2013",
month = feb,
doi = "10.3758/s13421-012-0263-8",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "297--311",
journal = "Memory and Cognition",
issn = "0090-502X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lexical and semantic age-of-acquisition effects on word naming in Spanish

AU - Davies, Robert

AU - Barbón, Analia

AU - Cuetos, Fernando

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - We report a study of the factors that affect reading in Spanish, a language with a transparent orthography. Our focus was on the influence of lexical semantic knowledge in phonological coding. This effect would be predicted to be minimal in Spanish, according to some accounts of semantic effects in reading. We asked 25 healthy adults to name 2,764 mono- and multisyllabic words. As is typical for psycholinguistics, variables capturing critical word attributes were highly intercorrelated. Therefore, we used principal components analysis (PCA) to derive orthogonalized predictors from raw variables. The PCA distinguished components relating to (1) word frequency, age of acquisition (AoA), and familiarity; (2) word AoA, imageability, and familiarity; (3) word length and orthographic neighborhood size; and (4) bigram type and token frequency. Linear mixed-effects analyses indicated significant effects on reading due to each PCA component. Our observations confirm that oral reading in Spanish proceeds through spelling-sound mappings involving lexical and sublexical units. Importantly, our observations distinguish between the effect of lexical frequency (the impact of the component relating to frequency, AoA, and familiarity) and the effect of semantic knowledge (the impact of the component relating to AoA, imageability, and familiarity). Semantic knowledge influences word naming even when all the words being read have regular spelling-sound mappings.

AB - We report a study of the factors that affect reading in Spanish, a language with a transparent orthography. Our focus was on the influence of lexical semantic knowledge in phonological coding. This effect would be predicted to be minimal in Spanish, according to some accounts of semantic effects in reading. We asked 25 healthy adults to name 2,764 mono- and multisyllabic words. As is typical for psycholinguistics, variables capturing critical word attributes were highly intercorrelated. Therefore, we used principal components analysis (PCA) to derive orthogonalized predictors from raw variables. The PCA distinguished components relating to (1) word frequency, age of acquisition (AoA), and familiarity; (2) word AoA, imageability, and familiarity; (3) word length and orthographic neighborhood size; and (4) bigram type and token frequency. Linear mixed-effects analyses indicated significant effects on reading due to each PCA component. Our observations confirm that oral reading in Spanish proceeds through spelling-sound mappings involving lexical and sublexical units. Importantly, our observations distinguish between the effect of lexical frequency (the impact of the component relating to frequency, AoA, and familiarity) and the effect of semantic knowledge (the impact of the component relating to AoA, imageability, and familiarity). Semantic knowledge influences word naming even when all the words being read have regular spelling-sound mappings.

KW - Spanish

KW - Reading

KW - Naming

KW - Age of acquisition

KW - Orthographic transparency

KW - Curvilinear

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873261660&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/s13421-012-0263-8

DO - 10.3758/s13421-012-0263-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23180310

VL - 41

SP - 297

EP - 311

JO - Memory and Cognition

JF - Memory and Cognition

SN - 0090-502X

IS - 2

ER -