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  • CERN-OPEN-2013-032

    Submitted manuscript, 6.58 MB, PDF document

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND


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LHC and CLIC LLRF final reports

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Publication date25/10/2013
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
Number of pages82
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Crab cavities rotate bunches from opposing beams to achieve effective head-on collision in CLIC or collisions at an adjustable angle in LHC. Without crab cavities 90% of achievable luminosity at CLIC would be lost. In the LHC, the crab cavities allow the same or larger integrated luminosity while reducing significantly the requested dynamic range of physics detectors. The focus for CLIC is accurate phase synchronisation of the cavities, adequate damping of wakefields and modest amplitude stability. For the LHC, the main LLRF issues are related to imperfections: beam offsets in cavities, RF noise, measurement noise in feedback loops, failure modes and mitigations. This report develops issues associated with synchronising the CLIC cavities. It defines an RF system and experiments to validate the approach. It reports on the development of hardware for measuring the phase performance of the RF distributions system and cavities. For the LHC, the hardware being very close to the existing LLRF, the report focuses on the requirements on the LLRF to mitigate anticipated imperfections.