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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Applied Geophysics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Applied Geophysics, 183, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2020.104173

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Limitations and considerations for electrical resistivity and induced polarization imaging of riverbed sediments: Observations from laboratory, field, and synthetic experiments

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Limitations and considerations for electrical resistivity and induced polarization imaging of riverbed sediments : Observations from laboratory, field, and synthetic experiments. / McLachlan, P.; Chambers, J.; Uhlemann, S.; Binley, A.

In: Journal of Applied Geophysics, Vol. 183, 104173, 01.12.2020.

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@article{517c5477195041b89bcbc60580867f6b,
title = "Limitations and considerations for electrical resistivity and induced polarization imaging of riverbed sediments: Observations from laboratory, field, and synthetic experiments",
abstract = "Characterization of riverbed sediments is important for understanding groundwater (GW) and surface water (SW) interactions, and their consequent implications for ecological and environmental health. There have been numerous studies using geoelectrical methods for GW-SW interaction studies; however, most applications have not focused on obtaining quantitative information. For instance, although numerous laboratory studies highlight the relationship between geoelectrical properties and relevant parameters (e.g. specific surface area, hydraulic conductivity, and cation exchange capacity), such relationships are not commonly applied to field-scale studies. Furthermore, in addition to the spatial resolution obstacles typically present when applying petrophysical models to field data, geoelectrical data from aquatic environments have complications arising from the presence of a conductive water column overlying a resistive bed. Inadequate consideration of these complications may further preclude the reliable use of such petrophysical models. In this work, laboratory measurements, synthetic modeling, and field measurements were conducted in a third-order river where the riverbed comprises alluvial gravel and underlying red sand. A strong relationship (R2 = 0.72) between imaginary conductivity and specific surface area was observed, and laboratory results were comparable to previous studies. It was demonstrated through synthetic modeling that river stage and channel width, regularization across the river-riverbed interface, and incorrect constraints of both the river conductivity and river stage can have varying influence on inverted geoelectrical images. Reliable geoelectrical images require a priori definition of river stage and conductivity, however inversion constraints using incorrect a priori values result in misleading artifacts. The conductivity image obtained from the field data in this work appeared to reflect the geoelectrical structure anticipated from the laboratory data; however, the phase angle image did not. Although this study focused on riverbed characterization, findings here demonstrate common pitfalls of inversion of aquatic-based geoelectrical data. Primarily, they highlight that synthetic modeling ought to be used to alleviate any uncertainty in the interpretation of geoelectrical models before predictions about GW-SW interactions can be made. ",
keywords = "Groundwater, Petrophysics, Rivers, Specific surface area, Uncertainty analysis, Cation exchange capacities, Geoelectrical methods, Geoelectrical properties, Geoelectrical structure, Laboratory measurements, Petrophysical models, Quantitative information, Synthetic experiments, Laboratories",
author = "P. McLachlan and J. Chambers and S. Uhlemann and A. Binley",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Applied Geophysics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Applied Geophysics, 183, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2020.104173",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jappgeo.2020.104173",
language = "English",
volume = "183",
journal = "Journal of Applied Geophysics",
issn = "0926-9851",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Limitations and considerations for electrical resistivity and induced polarization imaging of riverbed sediments

T2 - Observations from laboratory, field, and synthetic experiments

AU - McLachlan, P.

AU - Chambers, J.

AU - Uhlemann, S.

AU - Binley, A.

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Applied Geophysics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Applied Geophysics, 183, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2020.104173

PY - 2020/12/1

Y1 - 2020/12/1

N2 - Characterization of riverbed sediments is important for understanding groundwater (GW) and surface water (SW) interactions, and their consequent implications for ecological and environmental health. There have been numerous studies using geoelectrical methods for GW-SW interaction studies; however, most applications have not focused on obtaining quantitative information. For instance, although numerous laboratory studies highlight the relationship between geoelectrical properties and relevant parameters (e.g. specific surface area, hydraulic conductivity, and cation exchange capacity), such relationships are not commonly applied to field-scale studies. Furthermore, in addition to the spatial resolution obstacles typically present when applying petrophysical models to field data, geoelectrical data from aquatic environments have complications arising from the presence of a conductive water column overlying a resistive bed. Inadequate consideration of these complications may further preclude the reliable use of such petrophysical models. In this work, laboratory measurements, synthetic modeling, and field measurements were conducted in a third-order river where the riverbed comprises alluvial gravel and underlying red sand. A strong relationship (R2 = 0.72) between imaginary conductivity and specific surface area was observed, and laboratory results were comparable to previous studies. It was demonstrated through synthetic modeling that river stage and channel width, regularization across the river-riverbed interface, and incorrect constraints of both the river conductivity and river stage can have varying influence on inverted geoelectrical images. Reliable geoelectrical images require a priori definition of river stage and conductivity, however inversion constraints using incorrect a priori values result in misleading artifacts. The conductivity image obtained from the field data in this work appeared to reflect the geoelectrical structure anticipated from the laboratory data; however, the phase angle image did not. Although this study focused on riverbed characterization, findings here demonstrate common pitfalls of inversion of aquatic-based geoelectrical data. Primarily, they highlight that synthetic modeling ought to be used to alleviate any uncertainty in the interpretation of geoelectrical models before predictions about GW-SW interactions can be made.

AB - Characterization of riverbed sediments is important for understanding groundwater (GW) and surface water (SW) interactions, and their consequent implications for ecological and environmental health. There have been numerous studies using geoelectrical methods for GW-SW interaction studies; however, most applications have not focused on obtaining quantitative information. For instance, although numerous laboratory studies highlight the relationship between geoelectrical properties and relevant parameters (e.g. specific surface area, hydraulic conductivity, and cation exchange capacity), such relationships are not commonly applied to field-scale studies. Furthermore, in addition to the spatial resolution obstacles typically present when applying petrophysical models to field data, geoelectrical data from aquatic environments have complications arising from the presence of a conductive water column overlying a resistive bed. Inadequate consideration of these complications may further preclude the reliable use of such petrophysical models. In this work, laboratory measurements, synthetic modeling, and field measurements were conducted in a third-order river where the riverbed comprises alluvial gravel and underlying red sand. A strong relationship (R2 = 0.72) between imaginary conductivity and specific surface area was observed, and laboratory results were comparable to previous studies. It was demonstrated through synthetic modeling that river stage and channel width, regularization across the river-riverbed interface, and incorrect constraints of both the river conductivity and river stage can have varying influence on inverted geoelectrical images. Reliable geoelectrical images require a priori definition of river stage and conductivity, however inversion constraints using incorrect a priori values result in misleading artifacts. The conductivity image obtained from the field data in this work appeared to reflect the geoelectrical structure anticipated from the laboratory data; however, the phase angle image did not. Although this study focused on riverbed characterization, findings here demonstrate common pitfalls of inversion of aquatic-based geoelectrical data. Primarily, they highlight that synthetic modeling ought to be used to alleviate any uncertainty in the interpretation of geoelectrical models before predictions about GW-SW interactions can be made.

KW - Groundwater

KW - Petrophysics

KW - Rivers

KW - Specific surface area

KW - Uncertainty analysis

KW - Cation exchange capacities

KW - Geoelectrical methods

KW - Geoelectrical properties

KW - Geoelectrical structure

KW - Laboratory measurements

KW - Petrophysical models

KW - Quantitative information

KW - Synthetic experiments

KW - Laboratories

U2 - 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2020.104173

DO - 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2020.104173

M3 - Journal article

VL - 183

JO - Journal of Applied Geophysics

JF - Journal of Applied Geophysics

SN - 0926-9851

M1 - 104173

ER -