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Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability: evidence from West Africa

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Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability : evidence from West Africa. / Douxchamps, Sabine; Van Wijk, Mark T.; Silvestri, Silvia; Moussa, Abdoulaye S.; Quiros, Carlos; Ndour, Ndeye Yacine B.; Buah, Saaka; Some, Leopold; Herrero, Mario; Kristjanson, Patricia; Ouedraogo, Mathieu; Thornton, Philip K.; Van Asten, Piet; Zougmore, Robert; Rufino, Mariana C.

In: Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 16, No. 5, 06.2016, p. 1305-1317.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Douxchamps, S, Van Wijk, MT, Silvestri, S, Moussa, AS, Quiros, C, Ndour, NYB, Buah, S, Some, L, Herrero, M, Kristjanson, P, Ouedraogo, M, Thornton, PK, Van Asten, P, Zougmore, R & Rufino, MC 2016, 'Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability: evidence from West Africa', Regional Environmental Change, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1305-1317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0838-6

APA

Douxchamps, S., Van Wijk, M. T., Silvestri, S., Moussa, A. S., Quiros, C., Ndour, N. Y. B., Buah, S., Some, L., Herrero, M., Kristjanson, P., Ouedraogo, M., Thornton, P. K., Van Asten, P., Zougmore, R., & Rufino, M. C. (2016). Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability: evidence from West Africa. Regional Environmental Change, 16(5), 1305-1317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0838-6

Vancouver

Douxchamps S, Van Wijk MT, Silvestri S, Moussa AS, Quiros C, Ndour NYB et al. Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability: evidence from West Africa. Regional Environmental Change. 2016 Jun;16(5):1305-1317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-015-0838-6

Author

Douxchamps, Sabine ; Van Wijk, Mark T. ; Silvestri, Silvia ; Moussa, Abdoulaye S. ; Quiros, Carlos ; Ndour, Ndeye Yacine B. ; Buah, Saaka ; Some, Leopold ; Herrero, Mario ; Kristjanson, Patricia ; Ouedraogo, Mathieu ; Thornton, Philip K. ; Van Asten, Piet ; Zougmore, Robert ; Rufino, Mariana C. / Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability : evidence from West Africa. In: Regional Environmental Change. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 5. pp. 1305-1317.

Bibtex

@article{8519df591e1748239c9cbf1d48393f16,
title = "Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability: evidence from West Africa",
abstract = "Adaptation strategies to reduce smallholder farmers' vulnerability to climate variability and seasonality are needed given the frequency of extreme weather events predicted to increase during the next decades in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in West Africa. We explored the linkages between selected agricultural adaptation strategies (crop diversity, soil and water conservation, trees on farm, small ruminants, improved crop varieties, fertilizers), food security, farm household characteristics and farm productivity in three contrasting agro-ecological sites in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana and Senegal). Differences in land area per capita and land productivity largely explained the variation in food security across sites. Based on land size and market orientation, four household types were distinguished (subsistence, diversified, extensive, intensified), with contrasting levels of food security and agricultural adaptation strategies. Income increased steadily with land size, and both income and land productivity increased with degree of market orientation. The adoption of agricultural adaptation strategies was widespread, although the intensity of practice varied across household types. Adaptation strategies improve the food security status of some households, but not all. Some strategies had a significant positive impact on land productivity, while others reduced vulnerability resulting in a more stable cash flow throughout the year. Our results show that for different household types, different adaptation strategies may be 'climate-smart'. The typology developed in this study gives a good entry point to analyse which practices should be targeted to which type of smallholder farmers, and quantifies the effect of adaptation options on household food security. Subsequently, it will be crucial to empower farmers to access, test and modify these adaptation options, if they were to achieve higher levels of food security.",
keywords = "Adaptation strategies, Climate variability and change, Income, Land productivity, Market orientation, Typology, CLIMATE-CHANGE ADAPTATION, INCOME DIVERSIFICATION, BURKINA-FASO, TRANSFORMATIONAL ADAPTATION, SMALLHOLDER FARMERS, LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS, DETERMINANTS, VARIABILITY, POVERTY, KENYA",
author = "Sabine Douxchamps and {Van Wijk}, {Mark T.} and Silvia Silvestri and Moussa, {Abdoulaye S.} and Carlos Quiros and Ndour, {Ndeye Yacine B.} and Saaka Buah and Leopold Some and Mario Herrero and Patricia Kristjanson and Mathieu Ouedraogo and Thornton, {Philip K.} and {Van Asten}, Piet and Robert Zougmore and Rufino, {Mariana C.}",
year = "2016",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1007/s10113-015-0838-6",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "1305--1317",
journal = "Regional Environmental Change",
issn = "1436-3798",
publisher = "SPRINGER HEIDELBERG",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Linking agricultural adaptation strategies, food security and vulnerability

T2 - evidence from West Africa

AU - Douxchamps, Sabine

AU - Van Wijk, Mark T.

AU - Silvestri, Silvia

AU - Moussa, Abdoulaye S.

AU - Quiros, Carlos

AU - Ndour, Ndeye Yacine B.

AU - Buah, Saaka

AU - Some, Leopold

AU - Herrero, Mario

AU - Kristjanson, Patricia

AU - Ouedraogo, Mathieu

AU - Thornton, Philip K.

AU - Van Asten, Piet

AU - Zougmore, Robert

AU - Rufino, Mariana C.

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - Adaptation strategies to reduce smallholder farmers' vulnerability to climate variability and seasonality are needed given the frequency of extreme weather events predicted to increase during the next decades in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in West Africa. We explored the linkages between selected agricultural adaptation strategies (crop diversity, soil and water conservation, trees on farm, small ruminants, improved crop varieties, fertilizers), food security, farm household characteristics and farm productivity in three contrasting agro-ecological sites in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana and Senegal). Differences in land area per capita and land productivity largely explained the variation in food security across sites. Based on land size and market orientation, four household types were distinguished (subsistence, diversified, extensive, intensified), with contrasting levels of food security and agricultural adaptation strategies. Income increased steadily with land size, and both income and land productivity increased with degree of market orientation. The adoption of agricultural adaptation strategies was widespread, although the intensity of practice varied across household types. Adaptation strategies improve the food security status of some households, but not all. Some strategies had a significant positive impact on land productivity, while others reduced vulnerability resulting in a more stable cash flow throughout the year. Our results show that for different household types, different adaptation strategies may be 'climate-smart'. The typology developed in this study gives a good entry point to analyse which practices should be targeted to which type of smallholder farmers, and quantifies the effect of adaptation options on household food security. Subsequently, it will be crucial to empower farmers to access, test and modify these adaptation options, if they were to achieve higher levels of food security.

AB - Adaptation strategies to reduce smallholder farmers' vulnerability to climate variability and seasonality are needed given the frequency of extreme weather events predicted to increase during the next decades in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in West Africa. We explored the linkages between selected agricultural adaptation strategies (crop diversity, soil and water conservation, trees on farm, small ruminants, improved crop varieties, fertilizers), food security, farm household characteristics and farm productivity in three contrasting agro-ecological sites in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana and Senegal). Differences in land area per capita and land productivity largely explained the variation in food security across sites. Based on land size and market orientation, four household types were distinguished (subsistence, diversified, extensive, intensified), with contrasting levels of food security and agricultural adaptation strategies. Income increased steadily with land size, and both income and land productivity increased with degree of market orientation. The adoption of agricultural adaptation strategies was widespread, although the intensity of practice varied across household types. Adaptation strategies improve the food security status of some households, but not all. Some strategies had a significant positive impact on land productivity, while others reduced vulnerability resulting in a more stable cash flow throughout the year. Our results show that for different household types, different adaptation strategies may be 'climate-smart'. The typology developed in this study gives a good entry point to analyse which practices should be targeted to which type of smallholder farmers, and quantifies the effect of adaptation options on household food security. Subsequently, it will be crucial to empower farmers to access, test and modify these adaptation options, if they were to achieve higher levels of food security.

KW - Adaptation strategies

KW - Climate variability and change

KW - Income

KW - Land productivity

KW - Market orientation

KW - Typology

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE ADAPTATION

KW - INCOME DIVERSIFICATION

KW - BURKINA-FASO

KW - TRANSFORMATIONAL ADAPTATION

KW - SMALLHOLDER FARMERS

KW - LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS

KW - DETERMINANTS

KW - VARIABILITY

KW - POVERTY

KW - KENYA

U2 - 10.1007/s10113-015-0838-6

DO - 10.1007/s10113-015-0838-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 16

SP - 1305

EP - 1317

JO - Regional Environmental Change

JF - Regional Environmental Change

SN - 1436-3798

IS - 5

ER -