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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Advances in Water Resources. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Advances in Water Resources, 166, 104257, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257

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Living on the Edge: How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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Living on the Edge : How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges. / LG, Gillis; Maza, M; Garcia-Maribona, J; JL, Lara; Suzuki, T; Argemi Cierco, M; Paul, M; Folkard, A. M.; Balke, T.

In: Advances in Water Resources, Vol. 166, 104257, 31.08.2022.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

LG, G, Maza, M, Garcia-Maribona, J, JL, L, Suzuki, T, Argemi Cierco, M, Paul, M, Folkard, AM & Balke, T 2022, 'Living on the Edge: How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges', Advances in Water Resources, vol. 166, 104257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257

APA

LG, G., Maza, M., Garcia-Maribona, J., JL, L., Suzuki, T., Argemi Cierco, M., Paul, M., Folkard, A. M., & Balke, T. (2022). Living on the Edge: How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges. Advances in Water Resources, 166, [104257]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257

Vancouver

LG G, Maza M, Garcia-Maribona J, JL L, Suzuki T, Argemi Cierco M et al. Living on the Edge: How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges. Advances in Water Resources. 2022 Aug 31;166. 104257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257

Author

LG, Gillis ; Maza, M ; Garcia-Maribona, J ; JL, Lara ; Suzuki, T ; Argemi Cierco, M ; Paul, M ; Folkard, A. M. ; Balke, T. / Living on the Edge : How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges. In: Advances in Water Resources. 2022 ; Vol. 166.

Bibtex

@article{58c763c4bebb465996c482b2d8673ee4,
title = "Living on the Edge: How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges",
abstract = "Salt marshes and mangrove forests provide critical ecosystem services such as reduced sediment erosion and increased hydrodynamic buffering. Sediment transport and hydrodynamics can be influenced by specific functional traits of the plants (for example, flexibility vs. rigidity) and community traits (for example, spatial density). While there is a growing body of literature on plant trait and hydrodynamic interactions, direct comparative studies of sediment transport and scour development in and around intertidal wetland edges are scarce. In this study we systematically compared the effects of plant traits on sediment budgets around the lateral edges of intertidal wetlands under controlled hydrodynamic and sedimentary conditions using full scale vegetation mimics with contrasting flexibilities and densities. Experiments were carried out in a large-scale flume, using two spatial densities each of flexible and rigid vegetation mimics. We measured unconsolidated sedimentary bed-level changes in experimental runs using waves only, currents only, and waves combined with currents. Both mimic types dampened the energy of the incoming flow, highlighting the role of rigid and flexible aquatic vegetation in providing coastal protection. The rigid vegetation mimics{\textquoteright} lateral edge experienced larger velocities, more energetic turbulence, and local scour around individual stems. Scour around stems could influence the lateral expansion of the rigid vegetation ecosystem by reducing sediment stability and thus decreasing seedling establishment success. The flexible plant mimics produced lower turbulence at their leading edge, which resulted in sediment being deposited over a shorter distance into the patch than in the rigid mimics. Decreased vegetation density caused reduced sediment erosion at the leading edge and less sediment accumulation within the vegetation patches for both the rigid and flexible mimics. The hydrodynamic and sedimentary processes identified for both ecosystems are linked to different feedbacks. A positive feedback was identified in which vegetation attenuates hydrodynamic energy allowing sediment accumulation within the patch. A negative feedback was identified where large velocities caused flow divergence and erosion outside of the vegetation, and would therefore compromise its lateral expansion. High densities of rigid vegetation enhance this negative feedback. Lower density flexible vegetation, however, combined with less energetic hydrodynamic conditions facilitate the expansion of vegetation patches as they cause less flow divergence and therefore less erosion. The strong flow divergence observed in the rigid vegetation cases highlight their importance for buffering hydrodynamics but at the cost of increased erosion within the front end of patches and along their lateral edges.",
keywords = "Waves, currents, Sediment transport, Mangrove forest, Slat marsh, Positive and negative feedbacks, Scale-dependent feedbacks",
author = "Gillis LG and M Maza and J Garcia-Maribona and Lara JL and T Suzuki and {Argemi Cierco}, M and M Paul and Folkard, {A. M.} and T Balke",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Advances in Water Resources. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Advances in Water Resources, 166, 104257, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257",
year = "2022",
month = aug,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257",
language = "English",
volume = "166",
journal = "Advances in Water Resources",
issn = "0309-1708",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Living on the Edge

T2 - How traits of ecosystem engineers drive bio-physical interactions at coastal wetland edges

AU - LG, Gillis

AU - Maza, M

AU - Garcia-Maribona, J

AU - JL, Lara

AU - Suzuki, T

AU - Argemi Cierco, M

AU - Paul, M

AU - Folkard, A. M.

AU - Balke, T

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Advances in Water Resources. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Advances in Water Resources, 166, 104257, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257

PY - 2022/8/31

Y1 - 2022/8/31

N2 - Salt marshes and mangrove forests provide critical ecosystem services such as reduced sediment erosion and increased hydrodynamic buffering. Sediment transport and hydrodynamics can be influenced by specific functional traits of the plants (for example, flexibility vs. rigidity) and community traits (for example, spatial density). While there is a growing body of literature on plant trait and hydrodynamic interactions, direct comparative studies of sediment transport and scour development in and around intertidal wetland edges are scarce. In this study we systematically compared the effects of plant traits on sediment budgets around the lateral edges of intertidal wetlands under controlled hydrodynamic and sedimentary conditions using full scale vegetation mimics with contrasting flexibilities and densities. Experiments were carried out in a large-scale flume, using two spatial densities each of flexible and rigid vegetation mimics. We measured unconsolidated sedimentary bed-level changes in experimental runs using waves only, currents only, and waves combined with currents. Both mimic types dampened the energy of the incoming flow, highlighting the role of rigid and flexible aquatic vegetation in providing coastal protection. The rigid vegetation mimics’ lateral edge experienced larger velocities, more energetic turbulence, and local scour around individual stems. Scour around stems could influence the lateral expansion of the rigid vegetation ecosystem by reducing sediment stability and thus decreasing seedling establishment success. The flexible plant mimics produced lower turbulence at their leading edge, which resulted in sediment being deposited over a shorter distance into the patch than in the rigid mimics. Decreased vegetation density caused reduced sediment erosion at the leading edge and less sediment accumulation within the vegetation patches for both the rigid and flexible mimics. The hydrodynamic and sedimentary processes identified for both ecosystems are linked to different feedbacks. A positive feedback was identified in which vegetation attenuates hydrodynamic energy allowing sediment accumulation within the patch. A negative feedback was identified where large velocities caused flow divergence and erosion outside of the vegetation, and would therefore compromise its lateral expansion. High densities of rigid vegetation enhance this negative feedback. Lower density flexible vegetation, however, combined with less energetic hydrodynamic conditions facilitate the expansion of vegetation patches as they cause less flow divergence and therefore less erosion. The strong flow divergence observed in the rigid vegetation cases highlight their importance for buffering hydrodynamics but at the cost of increased erosion within the front end of patches and along their lateral edges.

AB - Salt marshes and mangrove forests provide critical ecosystem services such as reduced sediment erosion and increased hydrodynamic buffering. Sediment transport and hydrodynamics can be influenced by specific functional traits of the plants (for example, flexibility vs. rigidity) and community traits (for example, spatial density). While there is a growing body of literature on plant trait and hydrodynamic interactions, direct comparative studies of sediment transport and scour development in and around intertidal wetland edges are scarce. In this study we systematically compared the effects of plant traits on sediment budgets around the lateral edges of intertidal wetlands under controlled hydrodynamic and sedimentary conditions using full scale vegetation mimics with contrasting flexibilities and densities. Experiments were carried out in a large-scale flume, using two spatial densities each of flexible and rigid vegetation mimics. We measured unconsolidated sedimentary bed-level changes in experimental runs using waves only, currents only, and waves combined with currents. Both mimic types dampened the energy of the incoming flow, highlighting the role of rigid and flexible aquatic vegetation in providing coastal protection. The rigid vegetation mimics’ lateral edge experienced larger velocities, more energetic turbulence, and local scour around individual stems. Scour around stems could influence the lateral expansion of the rigid vegetation ecosystem by reducing sediment stability and thus decreasing seedling establishment success. The flexible plant mimics produced lower turbulence at their leading edge, which resulted in sediment being deposited over a shorter distance into the patch than in the rigid mimics. Decreased vegetation density caused reduced sediment erosion at the leading edge and less sediment accumulation within the vegetation patches for both the rigid and flexible mimics. The hydrodynamic and sedimentary processes identified for both ecosystems are linked to different feedbacks. A positive feedback was identified in which vegetation attenuates hydrodynamic energy allowing sediment accumulation within the patch. A negative feedback was identified where large velocities caused flow divergence and erosion outside of the vegetation, and would therefore compromise its lateral expansion. High densities of rigid vegetation enhance this negative feedback. Lower density flexible vegetation, however, combined with less energetic hydrodynamic conditions facilitate the expansion of vegetation patches as they cause less flow divergence and therefore less erosion. The strong flow divergence observed in the rigid vegetation cases highlight their importance for buffering hydrodynamics but at the cost of increased erosion within the front end of patches and along their lateral edges.

KW - Waves

KW - currents

KW - Sediment transport

KW - Mangrove forest

KW - Slat marsh

KW - Positive and negative feedbacks

KW - Scale-dependent feedbacks

U2 - 10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257

DO - 10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104257

M3 - Journal article

VL - 166

JO - Advances in Water Resources

JF - Advances in Water Resources

SN - 0309-1708

M1 - 104257

ER -