Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Long run surface temperature dynamics of an A-OGCM
View graph of relations

Long run surface temperature dynamics of an A-OGCM: the HadCM3 4xCO2 forcing experiment revisited

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Long run surface temperature dynamics of an A-OGCM : the HadCM3 4xCO2 forcing experiment revisited. / Li, Sile; Jarvis, Andrew.

In: Climate Dynamics, Vol. 33, No. 6, 2009, p. 817-825.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Li, Sile ; Jarvis, Andrew. / Long run surface temperature dynamics of an A-OGCM : the HadCM3 4xCO2 forcing experiment revisited. In: Climate Dynamics. 2009 ; Vol. 33, No. 6. pp. 817-825.

Bibtex

@article{ef9fdfa94da6425a92f9ba63e2d01f25,
title = "Long run surface temperature dynamics of an A-OGCM: the HadCM3 4xCO2 forcing experiment revisited",
abstract = "The global mean surface temperature (GMST) response of HadCM3 to a 1,000 year 4×CO2 forcing is analysed using a transfer function methodology. We identify a third order transfer function as being an appropriate characterisation of the dynamic relationship between the radiative forcing input and GMST output of this Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model (A-OGCM). From this transfer function the equilibrium climate sensitivity is estimated as 4.62 (3.92–11.88) K which is significantly higher than previously estimated for HadCM3. The response is also characterised by time constants of 4.5 (3.2–6.4), 140 (78–191) and 1,476 (564–11,737) years. The fact that the longest time constant element is significantly longer than the 1,000 year simulation run makes estimation of this element of the response problematic, highlighting the need for significantly longer model runs to express A-OGCM behaviour fully. The transfer function is interpreted in relation to a three box global energy balance model. It was found that this interpretation gave rise to three fractions of ocean heat capacity with effective depths of 63.0 (46.7–85.4), 1291.7 (787.3–2,955.3) and 2,358.0 (661.3–17,283.8) meters of seawater, associated with three discrete time constants of 4.6 (3.2–6.5), 107.7 (68.9–144.3) and 537.1 (196.2–1,243.1) years. Given this accounts for approximately 94% of the ocean heat capacity in HadCM3, it appears HadCM3 could be significantly more well mixed than previously thought when viewed on the millennial timescale.",
keywords = "Transfer function, Global energy balance, Radiative forcing, CO2",
author = "Sile Li and Andrew Jarvis",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1007/s00382-009-0581-0",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "817--825",
journal = "Climate Dynamics",
issn = "0930-7575",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long run surface temperature dynamics of an A-OGCM

T2 - the HadCM3 4xCO2 forcing experiment revisited

AU - Li, Sile

AU - Jarvis, Andrew

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The global mean surface temperature (GMST) response of HadCM3 to a 1,000 year 4×CO2 forcing is analysed using a transfer function methodology. We identify a third order transfer function as being an appropriate characterisation of the dynamic relationship between the radiative forcing input and GMST output of this Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model (A-OGCM). From this transfer function the equilibrium climate sensitivity is estimated as 4.62 (3.92–11.88) K which is significantly higher than previously estimated for HadCM3. The response is also characterised by time constants of 4.5 (3.2–6.4), 140 (78–191) and 1,476 (564–11,737) years. The fact that the longest time constant element is significantly longer than the 1,000 year simulation run makes estimation of this element of the response problematic, highlighting the need for significantly longer model runs to express A-OGCM behaviour fully. The transfer function is interpreted in relation to a three box global energy balance model. It was found that this interpretation gave rise to three fractions of ocean heat capacity with effective depths of 63.0 (46.7–85.4), 1291.7 (787.3–2,955.3) and 2,358.0 (661.3–17,283.8) meters of seawater, associated with three discrete time constants of 4.6 (3.2–6.5), 107.7 (68.9–144.3) and 537.1 (196.2–1,243.1) years. Given this accounts for approximately 94% of the ocean heat capacity in HadCM3, it appears HadCM3 could be significantly more well mixed than previously thought when viewed on the millennial timescale.

AB - The global mean surface temperature (GMST) response of HadCM3 to a 1,000 year 4×CO2 forcing is analysed using a transfer function methodology. We identify a third order transfer function as being an appropriate characterisation of the dynamic relationship between the radiative forcing input and GMST output of this Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model (A-OGCM). From this transfer function the equilibrium climate sensitivity is estimated as 4.62 (3.92–11.88) K which is significantly higher than previously estimated for HadCM3. The response is also characterised by time constants of 4.5 (3.2–6.4), 140 (78–191) and 1,476 (564–11,737) years. The fact that the longest time constant element is significantly longer than the 1,000 year simulation run makes estimation of this element of the response problematic, highlighting the need for significantly longer model runs to express A-OGCM behaviour fully. The transfer function is interpreted in relation to a three box global energy balance model. It was found that this interpretation gave rise to three fractions of ocean heat capacity with effective depths of 63.0 (46.7–85.4), 1291.7 (787.3–2,955.3) and 2,358.0 (661.3–17,283.8) meters of seawater, associated with three discrete time constants of 4.6 (3.2–6.5), 107.7 (68.9–144.3) and 537.1 (196.2–1,243.1) years. Given this accounts for approximately 94% of the ocean heat capacity in HadCM3, it appears HadCM3 could be significantly more well mixed than previously thought when viewed on the millennial timescale.

KW - Transfer function

KW - Global energy balance

KW - Radiative forcing

KW - CO2

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957815304&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00382-009-0581-0

DO - 10.1007/s00382-009-0581-0

M3 - Journal article

VL - 33

SP - 817

EP - 825

JO - Climate Dynamics

JF - Climate Dynamics

SN - 0930-7575

IS - 6

ER -