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Longitudinal change in c-terminal fibroblast growth factor 23 and outcomes in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease

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  • H.V. Alderson
  • R. Chinnadurai
  • S.T. Ibrahim
  • O. Asar
  • J.P. Ritchie
  • R. Middleton
  • A. Larsson
  • P.J. Diggle
  • T.E. Larsson
  • P.A. Kalra
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Article number329
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2/10/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>BMC Nephrology
Issue number1
Volume22
Number of pages7
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Background
Fibroblast growth factor23 (FGF23) is elevated in CKD and has been associated with outcomes such as death, cardiovascular (CV) events and progression to Renal Replacement therapy (RRT). The majority of studies have been unable to account for change in FGF23 over time and those which have demonstrate conflicting results. We performed a survival analysis looking at change in c-terminal FGF23 (cFGF23) over time to assess the relative contribution of cFGF23 to these outcomes.

Methods
We measured cFGF23 on plasma samples from 388 patients with CKD 3-5 who had serial measurements of cFGF23, with a mean of 4.2 samples per individual. We used linear regression analysis to assess the annual rate of change in cFGF23 and assessed the relationship between time-varying cFGF23 and the outcomes in a cox-regression analysis.

Results
Across our population, median baseline eGFR was 32.3mls/min/1.73m2, median baseline cFGF23 was 162 relative units/ml (RU/ml) (IQR 101-244 RU/mL). Over 70 months (IQR 53-97) median follow-up, 76 (19.6%) patients progressed to RRT, 86 (22.2%) died, and 52 (13.4%) suffered a major non-fatal CV event. On multivariate analysis, longitudinal change in cFGF23 was significantly associated with risk for death and progression to RRT but not non-fatal cardiovascular events.

Conclusion
In our study, increasing cFGF23 was significantly associated with risk for death and RRT.