Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Manipulation of the apoplastic pH of intact pla...
View graph of relations

Manipulation of the apoplastic pH of intact plants mimics stomatal and growth responses to water availability and microclimatic variation

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Manipulation of the apoplastic pH of intact plants mimics stomatal and growth responses to water availability and microclimatic variation. / Wilkinson, Sally; Davies, William J.

In: Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 59, No. 3, 02.2008, p. 619-631.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{d9596d78553142d4aa3d48939866907e,
title = "Manipulation of the apoplastic pH of intact plants mimics stomatal and growth responses to water availability and microclimatic variation",
abstract = "The apoplastic pH of intact Forsythiaxintermedia (cv. Lynwood) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants has been manipulated using buffered foliar sprays, and thereby stomatal conductance (g(s)), leaf growth rate, and plant water loss have been controlled. The more alkaline the pH of the foliar spray, the lower the g(s) and/or leaf growth rate subsequently measured. The most alkaline pH that was applied corresponds to that measured in sap extracted from shoots of tomato and Forsythia plants experiencing, respectively, soil drying or a relatively high photon flux density (PFD), vapour pressure deficit (VPD), and temperature in the leaf microclimate. The negative correlation between PFD/VPD/temperature and g(s) determined in well-watered Forsythia plants exposed to a naturally varying summer microclimate was eliminated by spraying the plants with relatively alkaline but not acidic buffers, providing evidence for a novel pH-based signalling mechanism linking the aerial microclimate with stomatal aperture. Increasing the pH of the foliar spray only reduced g(s) in plants of the abscisic acid (ABA)-deficient flacca mutant of tomato when ABA was simultaneously sprayed onto leaves or injected into stems. In well-watered Forsythia plants exposed to a naturally varying summer microclimate (variable PFD, VPD, and temperature), xylem pH and leaf ABA concentration fluctuated but were positively correlated. Manipulation of foliar apoplastic pH also affected the response of g(s) and leaf growth to ABA injected into stems of intact Forsythia plants. The techniques used here to control physiology and water use in intact growing plants could easily be applied in a horticultural context.",
keywords = "Abscisic acid (ABA) , apoplast , leaf growth , pH , soil drying , stomatal conductance , stomatal guard cells, temperature , vapour pressure deficit (VPD) , xylem",
author = "Sally Wilkinson and Davies, {William J.}",
year = "2008",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1093/jxb/erm338",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "619--631",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Botany",
issn = "0022-0957",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Manipulation of the apoplastic pH of intact plants mimics stomatal and growth responses to water availability and microclimatic variation

AU - Wilkinson, Sally

AU - Davies, William J.

PY - 2008/2

Y1 - 2008/2

N2 - The apoplastic pH of intact Forsythiaxintermedia (cv. Lynwood) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants has been manipulated using buffered foliar sprays, and thereby stomatal conductance (g(s)), leaf growth rate, and plant water loss have been controlled. The more alkaline the pH of the foliar spray, the lower the g(s) and/or leaf growth rate subsequently measured. The most alkaline pH that was applied corresponds to that measured in sap extracted from shoots of tomato and Forsythia plants experiencing, respectively, soil drying or a relatively high photon flux density (PFD), vapour pressure deficit (VPD), and temperature in the leaf microclimate. The negative correlation between PFD/VPD/temperature and g(s) determined in well-watered Forsythia plants exposed to a naturally varying summer microclimate was eliminated by spraying the plants with relatively alkaline but not acidic buffers, providing evidence for a novel pH-based signalling mechanism linking the aerial microclimate with stomatal aperture. Increasing the pH of the foliar spray only reduced g(s) in plants of the abscisic acid (ABA)-deficient flacca mutant of tomato when ABA was simultaneously sprayed onto leaves or injected into stems. In well-watered Forsythia plants exposed to a naturally varying summer microclimate (variable PFD, VPD, and temperature), xylem pH and leaf ABA concentration fluctuated but were positively correlated. Manipulation of foliar apoplastic pH also affected the response of g(s) and leaf growth to ABA injected into stems of intact Forsythia plants. The techniques used here to control physiology and water use in intact growing plants could easily be applied in a horticultural context.

AB - The apoplastic pH of intact Forsythiaxintermedia (cv. Lynwood) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants has been manipulated using buffered foliar sprays, and thereby stomatal conductance (g(s)), leaf growth rate, and plant water loss have been controlled. The more alkaline the pH of the foliar spray, the lower the g(s) and/or leaf growth rate subsequently measured. The most alkaline pH that was applied corresponds to that measured in sap extracted from shoots of tomato and Forsythia plants experiencing, respectively, soil drying or a relatively high photon flux density (PFD), vapour pressure deficit (VPD), and temperature in the leaf microclimate. The negative correlation between PFD/VPD/temperature and g(s) determined in well-watered Forsythia plants exposed to a naturally varying summer microclimate was eliminated by spraying the plants with relatively alkaline but not acidic buffers, providing evidence for a novel pH-based signalling mechanism linking the aerial microclimate with stomatal aperture. Increasing the pH of the foliar spray only reduced g(s) in plants of the abscisic acid (ABA)-deficient flacca mutant of tomato when ABA was simultaneously sprayed onto leaves or injected into stems. In well-watered Forsythia plants exposed to a naturally varying summer microclimate (variable PFD, VPD, and temperature), xylem pH and leaf ABA concentration fluctuated but were positively correlated. Manipulation of foliar apoplastic pH also affected the response of g(s) and leaf growth to ABA injected into stems of intact Forsythia plants. The techniques used here to control physiology and water use in intact growing plants could easily be applied in a horticultural context.

KW - Abscisic acid (ABA)

KW - apoplast

KW - leaf growth

KW - pH

KW - soil drying

KW - stomatal conductance

KW - stomatal guard cells

KW - temperature

KW - vapour pressure deficit (VPD)

KW - xylem

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=43149100114&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/jxb/erm338

DO - 10.1093/jxb/erm338

M3 - Journal article

VL - 59

SP - 619

EP - 631

JO - Journal of Experimental Botany

JF - Journal of Experimental Botany

SN - 0022-0957

IS - 3

ER -