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Maternal employment and childhood obesity: a European perspective

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Wencke Gwozdz
  • Alfonso Sousa-Poza
  • Lucia Reisch
  • Wolfgang Ahrens
  • Gabriele Eiben
  • Juan Fernández-Alvira
  • Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou
  • Stefaan De Henauw
  • Éva Kovács
  • Fabio Lauria
  • Toomas Veidebaum
  • Garrath Williams
  • Karin Bammann
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>07/2013
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Health Economics
Issue number4
Number of pages15
Pages (from-to)728-742
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The substantial increase in female employment rates in Europe over the past two decades has often been linked in political and public rhetoric to negative effects on child development, including obesity. We analyse this association between maternal employment and childhood obesity using rich objective reports of various anthropometric and other measures of fatness from the IDEFICS study of children aged 2-9 in 16 regions of eight European countries. Based on such data as accelerometer measures and information from nutritional diaries, we also investigate the effects of maternal employment on obesity's main drivers: calorie intake and physical activity. Our analysis provides little evidence for any association between maternal employment and childhood obesity, diet or physical activity.