Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Measurement of the inter-tablet coating uniform...

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Measurement of the inter-tablet coating uniformity of a pharmaceutical pan coating process with combined terahertz and optical coherence tomography in-line sensing

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Measurement of the inter-tablet coating uniformity of a pharmaceutical pan coating process with combined terahertz and optical coherence tomography in-line sensing. / Lin, Hungyen; Dong, Yue; Markl, Daniel; Williams, Bryan M.; Zheng, Yalin; Shen, Yaochun; Zeitler, J. Axel.

In: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 106, No. 4, 04.2017, p. 1075-1084.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Lin, Hungyen ; Dong, Yue ; Markl, Daniel ; Williams, Bryan M. ; Zheng, Yalin ; Shen, Yaochun ; Zeitler, J. Axel. / Measurement of the inter-tablet coating uniformity of a pharmaceutical pan coating process with combined terahertz and optical coherence tomography in-line sensing. In: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017 ; Vol. 106, No. 4. pp. 1075-1084.

Bibtex

@article{2fb910b12a434d58aaf3ad89f4bc8d0e,
title = "Measurement of the inter-tablet coating uniformity of a pharmaceutical pan coating process with combined terahertz and optical coherence tomography in-line sensing",
abstract = "We present in-line coating thickness measurements acquired simultaneously using two independent sensing modalities: terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Both techniques are sufficiently fast to resolve the coating thickness of individual pharmaceutical tablets in-situ during the film coating operation and both techniques are direct structural imaging techniques that do not require multivariate calibration. The TPI sensor is suitable to measure coatings greater than 50 μm and can penetrate through thick coatings even in the presence of pigments over a wide range of excipients. Due to the long wavelength, terahertz radiation is not affected by scattering from dust within the coater. In contrast, OCT can resolve coating layers as thin as 20 μm and is capable of measuring the intra-tablet coating uniformity as well as the inter-tablet coating thickness distribution within the coating pan. However, the OCT technique is less robust when it comes to the compatibility with excipients, dust and potentially the maximum coating thickness that can be resolved. Using a custom built laboratory scale coating unit, the coating thickness measurements were acquired independently by the TPI and OCT sensors throughout a film coating operation. Results of the in-line TPI and OCT measurements were compared against one another and validated with off-line TPI and weight gain measurements. Compared to other process analytical technology (PAT) sensors, such as near-infrared and Raman spectroscopy, the TPI/OCT sensors can resolve the inter-tablet thickness distribution based on sampling a significant fraction of the tablet populations in the process. By combining two complementary sensing modalities it was possible to seamlessly monitor the coating process over the range of film thickness from 20 μm to greater than 250 μm.",
keywords = "terahertz sensing, optical coherence tomography, pharmaceutical film coating, coating thickness, coating uniformity, terahertz pulsed imaging",
author = "Hungyen Lin and Yue Dong and Daniel Markl and Williams, {Bryan M.} and Yalin Zheng and Yaochun Shen and Zeitler, {J. Axel}",
year = "2017",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1016/j.xphs.2016.12.012",
language = "English",
volume = "106",
pages = "1075--1084",
journal = "Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences",
issn = "0022-3549",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of the inter-tablet coating uniformity of a pharmaceutical pan coating process with combined terahertz and optical coherence tomography in-line sensing

AU - Lin, Hungyen

AU - Dong, Yue

AU - Markl, Daniel

AU - Williams, Bryan M.

AU - Zheng, Yalin

AU - Shen, Yaochun

AU - Zeitler, J. Axel

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - We present in-line coating thickness measurements acquired simultaneously using two independent sensing modalities: terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Both techniques are sufficiently fast to resolve the coating thickness of individual pharmaceutical tablets in-situ during the film coating operation and both techniques are direct structural imaging techniques that do not require multivariate calibration. The TPI sensor is suitable to measure coatings greater than 50 μm and can penetrate through thick coatings even in the presence of pigments over a wide range of excipients. Due to the long wavelength, terahertz radiation is not affected by scattering from dust within the coater. In contrast, OCT can resolve coating layers as thin as 20 μm and is capable of measuring the intra-tablet coating uniformity as well as the inter-tablet coating thickness distribution within the coating pan. However, the OCT technique is less robust when it comes to the compatibility with excipients, dust and potentially the maximum coating thickness that can be resolved. Using a custom built laboratory scale coating unit, the coating thickness measurements were acquired independently by the TPI and OCT sensors throughout a film coating operation. Results of the in-line TPI and OCT measurements were compared against one another and validated with off-line TPI and weight gain measurements. Compared to other process analytical technology (PAT) sensors, such as near-infrared and Raman spectroscopy, the TPI/OCT sensors can resolve the inter-tablet thickness distribution based on sampling a significant fraction of the tablet populations in the process. By combining two complementary sensing modalities it was possible to seamlessly monitor the coating process over the range of film thickness from 20 μm to greater than 250 μm.

AB - We present in-line coating thickness measurements acquired simultaneously using two independent sensing modalities: terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Both techniques are sufficiently fast to resolve the coating thickness of individual pharmaceutical tablets in-situ during the film coating operation and both techniques are direct structural imaging techniques that do not require multivariate calibration. The TPI sensor is suitable to measure coatings greater than 50 μm and can penetrate through thick coatings even in the presence of pigments over a wide range of excipients. Due to the long wavelength, terahertz radiation is not affected by scattering from dust within the coater. In contrast, OCT can resolve coating layers as thin as 20 μm and is capable of measuring the intra-tablet coating uniformity as well as the inter-tablet coating thickness distribution within the coating pan. However, the OCT technique is less robust when it comes to the compatibility with excipients, dust and potentially the maximum coating thickness that can be resolved. Using a custom built laboratory scale coating unit, the coating thickness measurements were acquired independently by the TPI and OCT sensors throughout a film coating operation. Results of the in-line TPI and OCT measurements were compared against one another and validated with off-line TPI and weight gain measurements. Compared to other process analytical technology (PAT) sensors, such as near-infrared and Raman spectroscopy, the TPI/OCT sensors can resolve the inter-tablet thickness distribution based on sampling a significant fraction of the tablet populations in the process. By combining two complementary sensing modalities it was possible to seamlessly monitor the coating process over the range of film thickness from 20 μm to greater than 250 μm.

KW - terahertz sensing

KW - optical coherence tomography

KW - pharmaceutical film coating

KW - coating thickness

KW - coating uniformity

KW - terahertz pulsed imaging

U2 - 10.1016/j.xphs.2016.12.012

DO - 10.1016/j.xphs.2016.12.012

M3 - Journal article

VL - 106

SP - 1075

EP - 1084

JO - Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

JF - Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

SN - 0022-3549

IS - 4

ER -