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Migration and self-protection against climate change: a case study of Samburu County, Kenya

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Migration and self-protection against climate change : a case study of Samburu County, Kenya. / Ng'ang'a, Stanley Karanja; Bulte, Erwin H.; Giller, Ken E. et al.

In: World Development, Vol. 84, 08.2016, p. 55-68.

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Ng'ang'a SK, Bulte EH, Giller KE, Mcintire JM, Rufino MC. Migration and self-protection against climate change: a case study of Samburu County, Kenya. World Development. 2016 Aug;84:55-68. Epub 2016 Apr 23. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.04.002

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Ng'ang'a, Stanley Karanja ; Bulte, Erwin H. ; Giller, Ken E. et al. / Migration and self-protection against climate change : a case study of Samburu County, Kenya. In: World Development. 2016 ; Vol. 84. pp. 55-68.

Bibtex

@article{8802ca66d8784fd3a1f95656b59e268b,
title = "Migration and self-protection against climate change: a case study of Samburu County, Kenya",
abstract = "Climate change will affect the livelihoods of pastoralists in arid and semi-arid lands. Using data on agro-pastoral households from northern Kenya, we explore whether migration of household members enhances adoption of agricultural innovations that aim to provide protection against weather shocks. Specifically, we seek to test whether migration and adaptation are complementary mechanisms to protect the household against adverse shocks, or whether they are substitutes. Do remittances relax capital constraints and facilitate the uptake of adaptive measures, or do they render adaptation superfluous? Our data provide suggestive evidence that remittances from migrant household members may relax capital constraints, and that remittances are an important mechanism linking migration to adoption, enabling the uptake of new technologies that involve change in activities or high costs. Specifically, migrant households adopt more adaptive measures (promoting self-protection), and we document some support for the hypothesis that this is especially the case for high-cost adaptations such as the purchasing of drought tolerant livestock. These findings suggest that migration and local innovation are complementary rather than substitutive mechanisms of self-protection for pastoral households in the semi-arid lands of northern Kenya. Households who have at least one member who has migrated are able to overcome barriers to employ high cost agricultural innovations through using remittances received thus enhancing their self-protection against climate change related shocks. (c) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "adaptation, climate change, insurance, remittance, migration, LESS-DEVELOPED-COUNTRIES, RISK-MANAGEMENT, TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION, LABOR MIGRATION, RURAL CHINA, EAST-AFRICA, STRATEGIES, LIVESTOCK, NETWORKS, POVERTY",
author = "Ng'ang'a, {Stanley Karanja} and Bulte, {Erwin H.} and Giller, {Ken E.} and Mcintire, {John M.} and Rufino, {Mariana C.}",
year = "2016",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.04.002",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "55--68",
journal = "World Development",
issn = "0305-750X",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Migration and self-protection against climate change

T2 - a case study of Samburu County, Kenya

AU - Ng'ang'a, Stanley Karanja

AU - Bulte, Erwin H.

AU - Giller, Ken E.

AU - Mcintire, John M.

AU - Rufino, Mariana C.

PY - 2016/8

Y1 - 2016/8

N2 - Climate change will affect the livelihoods of pastoralists in arid and semi-arid lands. Using data on agro-pastoral households from northern Kenya, we explore whether migration of household members enhances adoption of agricultural innovations that aim to provide protection against weather shocks. Specifically, we seek to test whether migration and adaptation are complementary mechanisms to protect the household against adverse shocks, or whether they are substitutes. Do remittances relax capital constraints and facilitate the uptake of adaptive measures, or do they render adaptation superfluous? Our data provide suggestive evidence that remittances from migrant household members may relax capital constraints, and that remittances are an important mechanism linking migration to adoption, enabling the uptake of new technologies that involve change in activities or high costs. Specifically, migrant households adopt more adaptive measures (promoting self-protection), and we document some support for the hypothesis that this is especially the case for high-cost adaptations such as the purchasing of drought tolerant livestock. These findings suggest that migration and local innovation are complementary rather than substitutive mechanisms of self-protection for pastoral households in the semi-arid lands of northern Kenya. Households who have at least one member who has migrated are able to overcome barriers to employ high cost agricultural innovations through using remittances received thus enhancing their self-protection against climate change related shocks. (c) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Climate change will affect the livelihoods of pastoralists in arid and semi-arid lands. Using data on agro-pastoral households from northern Kenya, we explore whether migration of household members enhances adoption of agricultural innovations that aim to provide protection against weather shocks. Specifically, we seek to test whether migration and adaptation are complementary mechanisms to protect the household against adverse shocks, or whether they are substitutes. Do remittances relax capital constraints and facilitate the uptake of adaptive measures, or do they render adaptation superfluous? Our data provide suggestive evidence that remittances from migrant household members may relax capital constraints, and that remittances are an important mechanism linking migration to adoption, enabling the uptake of new technologies that involve change in activities or high costs. Specifically, migrant households adopt more adaptive measures (promoting self-protection), and we document some support for the hypothesis that this is especially the case for high-cost adaptations such as the purchasing of drought tolerant livestock. These findings suggest that migration and local innovation are complementary rather than substitutive mechanisms of self-protection for pastoral households in the semi-arid lands of northern Kenya. Households who have at least one member who has migrated are able to overcome barriers to employ high cost agricultural innovations through using remittances received thus enhancing their self-protection against climate change related shocks. (c) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - adaptation

KW - climate change

KW - insurance

KW - remittance

KW - migration

KW - LESS-DEVELOPED-COUNTRIES

KW - RISK-MANAGEMENT

KW - TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION

KW - LABOR MIGRATION

KW - RURAL CHINA

KW - EAST-AFRICA

KW - STRATEGIES

KW - LIVESTOCK

KW - NETWORKS

KW - POVERTY

U2 - 10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.04.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 84

SP - 55

EP - 68

JO - World Development

JF - World Development

SN - 0305-750X

ER -